India - Central

India - Central

The IGC India Central Programme was launched in April 2010, following extensive in-country consultations with policymakers, academic experts, media and civil society representatives. The Programme has five focus areas: Macroeconomic and Financial Sector Policies; Urbanisation, Infrastructure, Environment and Energy; Human Development - Health, Education and Labour Markets; Governance; and, Firm Productivity. IGC India Central has produced 33 Research Projects and 4 Rapid Responses, and has 35 ongoing Research Projects across these focus areas.
In July 2012, the Programme launched 'Ideas for India' ( - an economics and policy portal that is intended to be a source for ideas and evidence on policy issues in India, and a complement to the print media. It serves as an ideologically neutral space for economists, other social scientists and practitioners to use their research to weigh in on key policy questions. I4I hopes to change the way in which economic evidence filters into policy debates, and make these discussions more access to specialists and non-specialists interested in the issues of growth and development in India.
The Programme is hosted by the Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi Centre. 
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IGC Evidence Paper - Cities

Much of the developing world has begun to rapidly urbanise. This has led to the creation of developing cities and the emergence of mega-cities around the world. The benefits of this dense clustering of individuals have been well documented in many more developed cities. In that fact, it has been observed that productivity in these urban clusters is significantly higher in rural areas and that they do often become primary engines of economic growth. As a result, the potential effects of productive cities on economic growth in developing countries are very large.

Research themes: 

IGC Evidence Paper: Firm Capabilities

The IGC Firm Capabilities Research Programme pulls economists with a common interest in firm capabilities together to focus on three core questions: (i) what are the key proximate determinants of firm productivity? (ii) Where does the productive capacity of firms originate? (iii) What are the barriers that prevent resources from moving from unproductive firms and sectors to areas of higher productivity?


IGC Evidence Paper: State Effectiveness

In a sizable number of developing countries, the public sector fails to provide many, if not most, critical public goods necessary for economic development. The presence of a well-functioning state is key to encouraging economic growth. Part of this concerns having a public sector that has the capacity to raise revenues and spend them effectively; and that policymakers are incentivized to act in favour of their citizen. This paper discusses recent developments in the literature on state effectiveness.


IGC Evidence Paper: Energy

Achieving reliable, widespread access to electricity will be transformative for many developing countries. It has significant effects on how households apportion their time and which methods and inputs are applied by productive enterprises. However, much of the world’s population remains without this reliable access or the benefits generated from it. This paper outlines many of the questions behind why this remains the case.

Research themes: 

Pricey diesel

India was recently ranked 174th out of 178 countries, on air pollution. A key contributing factor is diesel vehicles. This column shows that diesel subsidies benefit the rich more than the poor, and emphasises the need to change current regulation to enforce fuel improvement measures. Although such policies seem expensive, the positive effects on sickness, health expenditures and productivity would outweigh the costs.


IGC Central Call for Proposals

The International Growth Centre (IGC) invites researchers to submit proposals for high-calibre research projects relevant to growth policies in developing countries. The deadline for submission is 11:59pm, 31 May 2014, GMT time.

This is a comprehensive IGC call for proposals which encompasses its two central programmes: the Research and Country Programmes.


How Urban is India?

This project seeks to develop a dataset on the extent and location of de facto urbanisation – settlements with characteristics commonly thought of as urban - in India. Based on Census data, about one-third of India is often thought of as urban. However, census classification as urban requires at least 75% of the adult male workforce to be in non-farm employment and has a relatively high bar (in international comparison) for population density.


Urban Corridors: Strategies for Economic and Urban Development

The Indian national government has embraced the development of corridors between major Indian cities as a key development strategy: for example, work on the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor is already underway while a second corridor between Mumbai, Bangalore and Chennai is being planned. This follows earlier policies like the development of the Golden Quadrilateral and the North-South and East-West corridors that emphasised connecting the four major Indian metros.


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