Amartya Lahiri is a Professor of Economics at the University of British Columbia. His research interests include international economics and macroeconomics.
In the first paper in this project, Amartya Lahiri and Viktoria Hnatkovska examine the gaps between rural and urban India in terms of the education attainment, occupation choices, consumption and wages. They study the period 1983-2005 using household survey data from successive rounds of the National Sample Survey. Lahiri and Hnatkovska find that this period has been characterised by a significant narrowing of the differences in education, occupation distribution, and wages between individuals in rural India and their urban counterparts.
The past three decades in India have witnessed a sharp reduction in the historically large gaps in the education levels, occupation choices and wages of the backward castes called scheduled castes and tribes (SC/STs) relative to the rest of the population (non-SC/STs). Viktoria Hnatkovska and Amartya Lahiri examine how these changes have impacted the saving behavior of the two groups. They find that while the saving rates of SC/STs exceeded that of non-SC/STs in 1983, this excess saving of SC/STs declined during 1983-2010 period.
The past 25 years have witnessed a remarkable economic catch-up by the historically discriminated against scheduled castes and tribes (SC/STs) in India towards non-SC/ST levels in the terms of their education attainment levels, their occupation choices as well as their wage and consumption levels.