Esteban Rossi-Hansberg is a Professor of Economics in the Economics Department and Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton University. He performs research in macroeconomics, international trade, and urban economics. His research focuses on the internal structure of cities, the distribution of economic activity in space, economic growth and the size distribution of cities, the effect of offshoring on wage inequality, the role on information technology on wages and organization, and firm dynamics and the size distribution of firms. Rossi-Hansberg was a faculty member in the Economics Department at Stanford University. He is a faculty associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) and his research receives support from the National Science Foundation. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago.
Developing countries are characterised by large spatial inequalities. In India, for example, poor rural areas coexist with high-tech clusters such as Bangalore. The agglomeration forces underlying the spatial concentration of the IT industry create pockets of high economic growth. Development itself also leads to a reallocation of economic activity across space. As countries grow, and their economies shift from agriculture to manufacturing and later to services, the relative fortunes of urban and rural regions change.