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  • Project

    Where’s value? Using VAT data to improve compliance

    The power to tax lies at the core of state development (Besley and Persson 2013). In this project we aim to deepen our understanding of taxation in developing countries by examining large-scale tax data from the government of Delhi. The data analysis will have two purposes -- first to answer first-order questions of academic and policy import and second to help design...

    14 Aug 2017 | Aprajit Mahajan

  • Project

    Economic growth, inequality and poverty: Estimating the growth elasticity of poverty in Zambia

    Zambia's economy has experienced strong growth in recent years, with real GDP growth in the period 2005-13 averaging more than 6% annually. However, despite this impressive economic growth, reducing poverty and economic inequality has proved challenging. This is evident from the fact that 60% of the population currently live below the poverty line and 42% are considered to...

    14 Aug 2017 | Chrispin Mphuka, Oliver Kaonga

  • Project

    Rainfall, selection, and agricultural productivity

    Developing countries have a low income per capita and low total factor productivity, relatively more so in the agricultural sector. Even after accounting for differences in labour inputs or incorrect measurement, this “agricultural productivity gap” remains large. In explaining this puzzle, the most recent research highlights the role of sorting and selection of workers...

    31 Jul 2017 | Francesco Amodio, Markus Poschke

  • Project

    Understanding low productivity in developing countries: Evidence from the airline industry

    Economists have long been interested in documenting and explaining the gap in productivity between developing and developed countries. Understanding the determinants of low productivity in the developing world is important not just for economists. This knowledge is vital for policymakers in government, our primary stakeholders, in order to guide the design of industrial...

    31 Jul 2017 | David Atkin, Amit Khandelwal

  • Project

    Artisanal jade mining in Myanmar

    Myanmar is the largest producer of jade in the world, accounting for 95% of global supply. In 2014, one report estimated annual jade production at $31bn - almost half of Myanmar’s GDP in that year - making it by far the country’s most valuable commodity. Yet little is known about the sector and most of its value evades official records and taxation processes. Despite...

    28 Jul 2017 | Win Min, Min Zar Ni Lin, Marjanneke Vijge

  • Project

    Spillovers from special economic zones: Micro-evidence from the Myanmar

    This project proposes a novel approach to the evaluation of special economic zones (SEZs). We propose to use a combination of a detailed survey and administrative data to identify the extent, channels and constraints to spillovers between firms inside the zone and the rest of the economy outside the zone. The project builds on the unique chance to analyse the creation and...

    28 Jul 2017 | Amit Khandelwal, Matthieu Teachout, Rocco Macchiavello

  • Project

    Oil price slump: Implications and lessons

    The Ministry of Finance of Ghana sought to have a better understanding of the implications of declining crude oil prices on the Ghanaian economy and asked for the support of IGC-Ghana to undertake this study. Oil has become an important product in the Ghanaian economy. The production of oil in 2011 resulted in almost a doubling of Ghana’s GDP growth from 8% in 2010 to...

    28 Jul 2017 | Rabah Arezki, Gregoire Rota Graziosi

  • Project

    The political effects of programmatic development policy: Can Bihar break the clientelist trap?

    A perennial challenge for reformist politicians is how to sustain their governance reforms beyond their first term in office. This study evaluated how Bihar’s governance reform since 2005 has changed the attitudes and behaviour of the state's citizens by comparing those living within 4km of either side of the Bihar-Jharkhand border. The study found that...

    27 Jul 2017 | Jonathan Phillips

  • Project

    Improving tax collection capacity in the developing world: Evidence from local government in Ghana

    In most developing countries, tax collection capacity remains inadequately low. Nowhere is the lack of tax collection capacity more apparent than in local governments, which collect a negligible fraction of local income in taxes (Gordon, 2010). As a result, local governments provide inadequately low levels of public goods - such as roads, schools and electricity - which are...

    27 Jul 2017 | David Lagakos, Anders Jensen

  • Project

    Rebasing and revision of gross domestic product (GDP) of Bangladesh

    The project was undertaken in response to a specific request from the Chairman of the Technical Advisory Committee set up by the Government of Bangladesh to oversee the forthcoming exercise on rebasing and revision of national accounts of Bangladesh to be undertaken by the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) in the near future. The Chairman of the committee requested the...

    27 Jul 2017 | Siddiqur Osmani