Showing all Projects in Ethiopia

  • Project

    Spatial integration, agricultural productivity, and development: A quantitative analysis of Ethiopia's road expansion program

    While Ethiopia has been a pre-dominantly agricultural-based economy, productivity in agriculture has been low relative to the rest of the economy, not having changed much since the 1960s. These characteristics are shared by many other developing economies. Agricultural productivity growth is important for Ethiopia’s economic development, its structural transformation, and...

    10 November 2016 | Tasso Adamopoulos

  • Project

    Job referrals and strategic network formation: Experimental evidence from urban neighbourhoods in Ethiopia

    This project poses the question: Do unemployed individuals use their job referral opportunities to strengthen their position in a geographically restricted social network? In particular, the project looks at whether there is reciprocity in the job referral process among individuals from the same geographic area. In addition, the laboratory experiment will be able to shed...

    8 November 2016 | Simon Quinn, Marc Witte

  • Project

    Trade liberalisation, infrastructure and firm performance: Evidence from Ethiopia

    This project seeks to analyse the role of improvements in infrastructure on the transmission of trade liberalisation effects to domestic firms.  While the literature has highlighted trade liberalisation and infrastructure development as effective strategies for economic growth and development, not much is known about the complementarity between the two in generating growth...

    23 August 2016 | Fitsum Zewdu Mulugeta, Marco Sanfilippo, Asha Sundaram

  • Project

    Neighbourhood effects and social capital in urban housing: Evidence from random neighbourhood assignment

    In Africa, the population living in cities is set to triple by 2050. Government policy will play a key role in planning urban environments, including providing affordable housing and public goods for people moving to new urban neighbourhoods. How can urban policies be designed to promote flourishing communities and efficient delivery of public services? How can policy...

    22 August 2016 | Berihu Assefa Gebrehiwot, Simon Franklin, Alebel Weldesilassie

  • Project

    Smart cities

    With a demand from Ethiopia's Ministry of Urban Development and Housing of the government of Ethiopia, a project on smart cities was launched in 2015. The project involves three experts in the urban development sector: Belay File (principal investigator), Eyasu Kumera and Yonas Abate (co-investigators). The project seeks to conduct an overview of a smart city and its...

    14 June 2016 | Belay File Garoma

  • Project

    Trade liberalisation, firm productivity, and exit in Ethiopian manufacturing firms

    Prior to the early 1990s, Ethiopia pursued an inward looking state-­‐led industrial development strategy, based on import substitution policies through high tariffs and entry barriers. Since the mid-­‐1990s, the country has undertaken gradual process of unilateral trade liberalization and reform measures reducing tariffs significantly and lifting entry restrictions...

    25 February 2016 | Jeremy Foltz

  • Project

    Do managers use financial incentives effectively? Evidence from a field experiment in urban Ethiopia

    Firms in developing countries find it hard to recruit adequately skilled workers, and to motivate and retain them (World Bank, 2013; IGC, 2014). Yet, recent evidence suggests that many firms do not use standard financial rewards to attract high quality workers and increase their performance (Bloom et al., 2010; Fafchamps and Woodruff, 2014). Are financial rewards too costly...

    16 December 2015 | Simon Quinn, Stefano Caria, Girum Abebe

  • Project

    Low cost housing for Africa's cities? The impact of the Government Condominium Scheme in Ethiopia

    Cities in Africa face severe shortages of affordable formal housing. It is estimated that Ethiopia’s current housing deficit in urban areas is about a million units, and that only 30 percent of the current housing stock is in decent condition. Many of the capital city’s inhabitants live in sub-standard housing conditions without access to important urban services. In...

    8 October 2015 | Berihu Assefa Gebrehiwot, Simon Franklin, Alebel Weldesilassie

  • Project

    Rural electrification and internal migration in the developing world

    Many households and firms in Ethiopia do not have access to grid-based electricity, especially in the rural areas. Yet, because of its mountainous geography, the country has a large potential for hydropower, with exploitable reserves totaling 45,000 megawatts. In the long term, the government aims to develop these hydropower resources with the goal of providing grid-based...

    4 September 2015 | David Lagakos, Stephie Fried

  • Project

    Fading Choice: Market Development and the range of goods available across space

    A simple measure of market development is the range of products available across space. Current studies of market development focus exclusively on one particular aspect of development: the spatial integration of markets measured by the spatial variation in prices. In contrast, we aim to study the spatial variation in products. This idea derives from an analysis of consumer...

    23 July 2015 | Jan-Willem Gunning, Pramila Krishnan, David Stifel, Andualem Mengistu