Showing all Projects

  • Project

    Management in Pakistan

    The Management and Organizational Practices Survey (MOPS) approach was pioneered in the US across 35,000 establishments. The latest initiative took place in the largest province of Pakistan, where management practices were successfully measured in 2,000 firms and mapped to performance indicators from the census of manufacturing. This exercise has been a first step towards...

    17 February 2017 | Ali Choudhary, Renata Lemos, John Van Reenen

  • Project

    Property taxation, capital gains tax, and mining rights tax in Zambia: Current performance and options for reform

    The Government of Zambia has been undertaking series of tax reform measures since 2010 with the aim to broaden the tax base and increase revenue while promoting voluntary compliance by taxpayers. Among such measures relevant to this project include the increase in the property transfer rates from 3% to 5%; reform in the fiscal regime for mining companies, which entails...

    6 February 2017 | Samuel Jibao

  • Project

    Building environmental regulation that enables growth

    Industry has not only fuelled rapid growth and increased living standards in China and India but also contributed to air and water pollution.  Pollution concentrations in these and other developing countries exceed the highest levels recorded in the developed world. Industrial regulations in India have a history of heavy-handedness, characterised by onerous licensing and...

    2 February 2017 | Michael Greenstone, Rohini Pande, Nicholas Ryan, Anant Sudarshan

  • Project

    Willingness and affordability to pay for improved electricity supply reliability in Zambia

    Zambia has had one of the world’s fastest growing economies for the past 10 years, with real GDP growth averaging 6.4% per annum between 2010 and 2014. Electricity demand has also increased by about 4% per annum since 2000. However, electricity generation capacity has not kept up with demand and as a result the Zambian electricity sector is employing costly emergency...

    1 February 2017 | Bothwell Batidzirai, Jiska de Groot, Louise Tait

  • Project

    Community monitoring to address leakage in roads construction in Afghanistan

    The United States has spent billions of dollars on reconstruction projects in Afghanistan in the last decade. However, this massive amount of international assistance has failed to translate into economic growth. Funds earmarked for infrastructure cannot translate into economic growth if they are lost to leakage. Afghanistan ranks low on the Transparency International...

    31 January 2017 | Michael Callen, Eli Berman, Tarek Ghani

  • Project

    Supporting procurement reforms in Punjab

    Public procurement systems are essential in facilitating government investments in infrastructure, health, education, and other public services. In developing countries, high rates of corruption and leakage may lower the efficiency of government procurement, potentially reducing the value generated by money spent. Following on from a previous IGC-funded project...

    26 January 2017 | Oriana Bandiera, Andrea Prat, Michael Best

  • Project

    The socio-economic impacts of natural resource concessions in Liberia

    The Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf administration has made natural resource concessions a key part of Liberia’s economic growth strategy. It has granted somewhere between 21% and 38% of the country’s land to investors in the hopes that they will stimulate economic activity in the agriculture and mining sectors, increase employment in rural areas, and build and maintain...

    26 January 2017 | Bradley Parks, Daniel Runfola, Jonas Bunte, Kanio Bai Gbala

  • Project

    Organisational structure of trade unions in Myanmar

    Healthy industrial relations, or peaceful negotiations between workers and employers based on mutual benefits, is a key factor for sustained productivity growth. In developing countries, industrial relations are relatively immature, and issues of industrial disputes and strikes are becoming huge political concerns. However, little is known about industrial relations and...

    26 January 2017 | Rocco Macchiavello, Mari Tanaka, Sindy Li

  • Project

    Extractive industries in Myanmar: Fostering development without fomenting conflict

    Extractive industries are an important source of economic activity in many poor countries. Mining projects provide direct investment in rural areas, infrastructure development, employment, and increased tax revenues. Poor and post-conflict countries struggle to borrow internationally and often lack the capacity to raise money through income taxes. For these governments,...

    25 January 2017 | Darin Christensen, Mai Nguyen, Renard Sexton

  • Project

    Mechanisms of participatory development: Fairness norms and value of participation

    Community participation has emerged as one of the dominant approaches in the development sector and it is viewed as an effective way to incorporate local knowledge into planning, implementation and monitoring of interventions, and to reinforce stakeholders' sense of ownership over project assets. However, the existing evidence on the effectiveness of...

    25 January 2017 | Selene Ghisolfi, Serena Cocciolo, Jakob Svensson