Showing all Projects in Energy

  • Project

    Building environmental regulation that enables growth

    Industry has not only fuelled rapid growth and increased living standards in China and India but also contributed to air and water pollution.  Pollution concentrations in these and other developing countries exceed the highest levels recorded in the developed world. Industrial regulations in India have a history of heavy-handedness, characterised by onerous licensing and...

    February 2, 2017 | Michael Greenstone, Rohini Pande, Nicholas Ryan, Anant Sudarshan

  • Project

    Willingness and affordability to pay for improved electricity supply reliability in Zambia

    Zambia has had one of the world’s fastest growing economies for the past 10 years, with real GDP growth averaging 6.4% per annum between 2010 and 2014. Electricity demand has also increased by about 4% per annum since 2000. However, electricity generation capacity has not kept up with demand and as a result the Zambian electricity sector is employing costly emergency...

    February 1, 2017 | Bothwell Batidzirai, Jiska de Groot, Louise Tait

  • Project

    The social and economic impacts of electrification: Evidence from Kenya

    Universal access to modern energy has become a top priority for policy makers, non-governmental organisations, and international donors across Sub-Saharan Africa. In Kenya, nearly $600 million has been invested in extending the grid to rural areas since 2008. While there is now widespread grid coverage in Kenya, the national electrification rate remains low at roughly 32%...

    January 25, 2017 | Edward Miguel, Catherine Wolfram, Ken Lee

  • Project

    Clearing the air: The effects of transparency on plant pollution emissions

    India is choking on growth. Of the 20 cities in the world with the worst fine particulate air pollution, 13 are in India, meaning the average Indian loses about three years of his or her life due to the harm of this pollution There is also growing evidence that high levels of pollution lower labour productivity and, therefore, potentially economic growth. If good...

    November 24, 2016 | Michael Greenstone, Nicholas Ryan, Anant Sudarshan, Rohini Pande

  • Project

    Crowdsourcing to evaluate and improve electricity supply in Tanzania and Indonesia

    Tanzania faces energy access challenges and experiences issues with electricity unreliability in the form of frequent power deficits and blackouts. Based on 2012 figures, 6 power system blackouts caused a total outage duration of 20.3 hours. This translates to approxiately 1 day of productivity and related economic losses per year. Companies and household enterprises...

    November 10, 2016 | Davida Wood, Bharath Jairaj

  • Project

    Smart meters for promoting energy efficiency in rural India

    This project brings experimental and quasi-experimental research methods to bear on important issues confronting rural electrification initiatives. The overarching objective is to investigate how modular smart grid technology can be used to improve both supply and demand-side efficiency in rural settings. Specifically, we will investigate: (1) the extent to which the...

    October 27, 2016 | Meredith Fowlie, Catherine Wolfram

  • Project

    Electricity crises in Zambia: Estimating the costs of unreliability at firm level

    As Zambia seeks to diversify its economy via growth in the manufacturing sector, rising demand for electricity from manufacturing firms is likely to impose additional constraints on the efficiency and sustainability of Zambia’s energy infrastructure. As a palliative measure, the Zambian government recently announced her decision to waive import duties on backup...

    October 19, 2016 | D'Maris Coffman, Musiliu Oseni, Bernard Tembo, Michelle Baddeley

  • Project

    Access to solar electricity in rural Pakistan: impacts and sustainability

    Almost 70 million people in Pakistan (35% of the population) do not have access to electricity, as they live in mostly rural areas not reached by the grid. Over 75 million (38%) on the grid receive low quality energy and experience outages for more than 12 hours per day. In spite of the significant benefits of access to electricity, the long-run feasibility of grid...

    October 19, 2016 | Farah Said, Giovanna D'Adda, Massimo Tavoni

  • Project

    Health costs of energy related air pollution in South Africa

    This project aims to provide the first estimate of the health and economic burden of South Africa’s current air pollution levels. This analysis will provide South African policy makers with the information they need to evaluate the costs of environmental regulations in the context of the potential benefits to public health. Given that the current shortage of electricity...

    October 19, 2016 | Harald Winkler, Katye Altieri, Samantha Keen

  • Project

    Indian climate early warning system

    We propose to develop a spatially disaggregated Indian Climate Early Warning System. For any given current weather realisation, the Early Warning System will produce maps that display locations of risks across India in various economic sectors. Based on empirically-founded climate response functions for each sector (agriculture, health, labour markets, energy, crime and...

    October 19, 2016 | Michael Greenstone, Ashwin Rode, Amir Jina, Robert Kopp