Showing all Projects in Firms

  • Project

    Formalisation of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM) through taxation: The case of Zambia

    In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), few economic activities have been more overlooked than artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM)–low-tech, labour-intensive mineral extraction and processing. This has been a significant oversight, given the sector's growing economic importance: how it employs an estimated 30 million people directly worldwide; creates jobs for an additional 300...

    24 May 2017 | Gavin Hilson, Agatha Siwale, Godfrey Hampwaye

  • Project

    Tracking constraints to entrepreneurship in Africa

    An important part of understanding the growth prospects of an economy comes from understanding the constraints to business growth and entrepreneurship. Unfortunately, the data in this area is scarce in East Africa. The World Bank collects two sets of data in this vein, both of which suffer from some well-known issues such as the focus being solely on formal firms, medium to...

    23 May 2017 | Tavneet Suri, Louis Dorval, Neema Iyer

  • Project

    Resource discoveries, FDI bonanzas, and local development: Evidence from Mozambique

    The natural resource price boom of the 2000s and the accompanying discoveries, many of them in sub-Saharan Africa, revived economists’ interest in the effect of natural resources on development. One notable insight is that discoveries themselves should be of interest to economists as they have their own economic consequences before extraction happens. Indeed, recent...

    7 Apr 2017 | Gerhard Toews, Pierre-Louis Vezina

  • Project

    How regional trade can contribute to the development of East Africa's border areas

    Context and motivation In East Africa as well as other regions of the world, border regions tend to be less economically developed than interior ones : Night lights captured by satellites are on average 35 percent less intense at land borders than two hundred kilometers inland. Such “border shadows” are both a cause and a consequence of national boundaries. Country...

    31 Mar 2017 | Olivier Cadot, Alexander Himbert, Marius Brülhart

  • Project

    The importance of firm networks: Methods and evidence from transaction-level administrative data

    How does the success or failure of one firm depend on its business linkages to other firms? Questions about firm-to-firm economic interactions are largely open because reliable and representative micro-data on firm transactions is hard to come by. We can shine some light on this problem by relying on a novel administrative data set of firm-to-firm transactions in Ecuador....

    23 Mar 2017 | Paul Carrillo, Dave Donaldson, Dina D. Pomeranz, Monica Singhal

  • Project

    Supply chains, exports, and import-substitution

    The two biggest policy priorities of the Rwandan Ministry of Industry, Trade and EAC Affairs (MINEACOM) currently relate to the promotion of exports, and the reduction of the import bill through ‘domestic market recapturing’. This project will conduct two small studies that utilise firm-level tax data to better understand the dynamics and constraints in both these...

    20 Mar 2017 | John Spray

  • Project

    Export transitions, productivity, and the supply chain

    Context and motivation Transitioning from selling goods domestically to exporting for the first time is probably the biggest change any firm is likely to undertake. Extant empirical research suggests that new exporters, when faced with international competitive pressures and with new demand for higher quality and larger markets, grow, become more productive, and invest...

    15 Mar 2017 | John Spray

  • Project

    Microfinance institutions and micro and small enterprises in Ghana: The potential of the missing middle

    MSEs are important as major generators of employment and livelihood strategies in Ghana, and could be an important catalyst for the development of the country. One of their major growth challenges is the lack of access and appropriate use of financial products and services, principally due to the weak performance of the financial sector as a whole. Government efforts to...

    14 Mar 2017 | Marco Trombetta, Pablo Casadio, María Luque Calvo

  • Project

    Women and work in rural India

    In India, only 32.6% of the half-a-billion working-age women report working. In contrast, the global average is 48% (Millennium Development Goals Report, 2013). The low rate of women's labour market participation in India is puzzling for a country that has experienced rapid fertility transition, broad increases in their educational attainment, as well as substantial...

    9 Mar 2017 | Farzana Afridi, Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay, Taryn Dinkelman

  • Project

    Management in Pakistan

    The Management and Organizational Practices Survey (MOPS) approach was pioneered in the US across 35,000 establishments. The latest initiative took place in the largest province of Pakistan, where management practices were successfully measured in 2,000 firms and mapped to performance indicators from the census of manufacturing. This exercise has been a first step towards...

    17 Feb 2017 | Ali Choudhary, Renata Lemos, John Van Reenen