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  • Blog post

    IGC Quick Clicks: Where are all the female economists?

    “In the future, there will be no female leaders. There will just be leaders,” once said Sheryl Sandberg, Chief Operating Officer of Facebook. Hopefully, yes. But today, this is not true in most fields and definitely not in economics. Why is this and how can we change it? Over the last few years, we have witnessed an uproar in many parts of the world. Women have...

    1 Mar 2019 | Nidhi Parekh

  • Blog post

    Why reliability matters in expanding access to electricity in Sub-Saharan Africa

    It is almost a cliché to state that electricity supply is a critical infrastructure. Without it, the quest for sustained and inclusive growth is sure to falter. Yet, across sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), access to this critical piece of infrastructure is limited. Currently, two in five Sub-Saharan Africans lack access to electricity (IEA, 2018) While policymakers across the...

    28 Feb 2019 | James Dzansi, Brittany Street, Steve Puller, Belinda Yebuah-Dwamena

  • Blog post

    Improving land security through community-based organisations

    Researchers and policymakers agree that secure land rights constitute a vital pillar for sustained livelihood improvements among marginalized populations, but existing solutions have been primarily top-down in orientation. Can community-based organisations help to improve land security from the ground up? Bihar state law guarantees each rural household the right to hold...

    25 Feb 2019 | Andre Joshua Nickow, Sanjay Kumar

  • Blog post

    Wage returns for work experience: Development and urbanisation

    Globally, on average, people spend ten years in school but work for 40 years. People learn valuable skills in school and at work. Students who advance on to employment have the opportunity to continue to accumulate human capital and wage increases in relation to their work experience. In developing economies, students face obstacles in accruing such employment...

    22 Feb 2019 | Remi Jedwab

  • Blog post

    AfCFTA: Africa is moving too slowly towards economic integration

    Africa’s quest for a single market dates back to the establishment of the Organisation of African Union (OAU) in 1963. The OAU, which brought together Africa’s newly independent nations, had at its heart intra-Africa economic integration. In fact, it aimed to emulate Europe by creating an African Economic Community, encompassing a single market and a customs union. In...

    18 Feb 2019 | Olu Fasan

  • Blog post

    Tracking constraints to micro-enterprise growth in Kenya and Uganda

    Existing surveys that aim to measure and track barriers to business growth often under-represent micro-enterprises and small informal firms. Our pilot, which targeted a sample of small scale entrepreneurs in Kenya and Uganda in a survey conducted by phone, suggests that such enterprises may face a very different set of constraints to growth. This exposes a potential...

    14 Feb 2019 | Tavneet Suri

  • Blog post

    Management in Pakistan: Performance and conflict

    Research on Pakistan offers a fascinating insight into the impact of terrorist events on the deterioration of managerial practices.  The causes and consequences of the vast dispersion in productivity within and across countries has been the subject of research for decades. Recently, researchers have woken up to the important role of management practices in firms to...

    6 Feb 2019 | Ali Choudhary, Renata Lemos, John Van Reenen

  • Blog post

    Rethinking VAT: Making sense of Zambia’s policy U-turn on VAT

    On 28 September 2018, the Zambian Minister of Finance, Margaret Mwanakatwe, in her maiden budget address to Parliament, announced a major policy change set to turn the Zambian tax system on its head. Effective April 2019, Zambia will abolish Value Added Tax (VAT) and replace it with a non-refundable sales tax. This move re-opened a policy debate: Which consumption tax is...

    4 Feb 2019 | Twivwe Siwale

  • Blog post

    The effects of electricity price increases on the poor in Zambia

    The distribution of electricity subsidies and access to the grid is skewed towards rich households, resulting in an increase in extreme poverty. However,  budget neutral mitigation strategies lead to larger reductions in extreme poverty compared to the baseline scenario. In 2016, the electricity crisis in Zambia reached its peak, with daily load shedding of up to 12 hours...

    30 Jan 2019 | Mashekwa Maboshe, Grieve Chelwa

  • Blog post

    IGC Quick Clicks: A new world order in the making? Highlights from Davos

    A short summary of the main themes covered at the 2019 World Economic Forum Annual Meeting. “It can’t be business as usual amid constant protests, riots, shutdowns and escalating social tensions”. These words were written by Seth Klarman, touted as the next Warren Buffet by Fortune, and titled the ‘most successful and influential investor you've probably never...

    25 Jan 2019 | Nidhi Parekh