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  • Blog post

    Tackling the big stink: Investing in water and sanitation systems

    The question of how to finance water systems is not a new one. While drawing from lessons from the past, this post looks at the impact of investing in water systems, and the challenges funding mechanisms face. Not too long ago, today’s metropolises, London, Paris and Berlin, were grappling with similar questions to those that many developing country cities currently...

    2 Oct 2017 | Astrid Haas

  • Blog post

    Waste management in India: Solving a social dilemma

    In April 2016, the Indian Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change notified the Municipal Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016, which mandated that waste generators segregate their waste before it is collected. However, there is no compliance with the rules at the household level. This column finds that while information and provision of dustbins leads to source...

    27 Sep 2017 | Shivani Wadehra

  • Blog post

    Enhancing the benefits of formalisation under a new status in Benin

    Providing information and assistance to informal firms increases formalisation, but the cost of the intervention is likely prohibitively high Existing evidence suggests that easing entry regulations and providing information on the formalisation process has had only a very limited impact on the formalisation of existing informal firms, especially with regards to tax...

    26 Sep 2017 | Najy Benhassine, David McKenzie, Victor Pouliquen, Massimiliano Santini

  • Blog post

    Breaking the clientelist trap: Creating demand for good governance in India

    A perennial challenge for reformist politicians is how to sustain their governance reforms beyond their first term in office. In poor contexts, clientelist politicians can out-compete reformers by threatening to exclude those who vote against them from accessing public benefits. How can reformers in office counter these tactics, break the clientelist trap and create a...

    25 Sep 2017 | Jonathan Phillips

  • Blog post

    Why are there no microgrids in Pakistan?

    Solar microgrids, with higher voltage distribution and decentralised generation, present a viable alternative to grid electricity in Pakistan. What’s more, demand exists for services beyond basic electrification. However, there are hurdles for microgrid deployment in the country. Namely, sophisticated demand, technological barriers, and legal constraints. An International...

    20 Sep 2017 | Hassan Abbas Khan, Husnain Fateh Ahmad, Nauman Ahmad Zaffar

  • Blog post

    Property rights and poverty reduction: Effects of land titling on Argentina’s urban poor

    Reducing the cost of land titles and simplifying the systems can improve land security and livelihoods of the poor Land rights are a crucial component of economic development. Property rights have the potential to fundamentally improve resource allocation and increase investment in a given society by limiting expropriation and facilitating market transactions. Moreover,...

    19 Sep 2017 | Sebastian Galiani

  • Blog post

    Harnessing technology for public sector reform: Procurement in Pakistan

    Procurement decision making and access to information “Procurement decisions take up 20-25% of my time in a week, and given my other obligations, I cannot afford to spend more time on this activity”, explains Mr. Ashraf, an Executive Engineer in the Communication and Works Department in Punjab. His task at hand today is to procure more printing paper for his subsidiary...

    18 Sep 2017 | Oriana Bandiera, Andrea Prat, Michael Best

  • Blog post

    Reducing under-age marriage and school dropout in West Bengal

    Under-age marriage and adolescent school dropout is a serious problem in India. It is most critical in West Bengal, an Eastern state of India, bordering Bangladesh. According to the 2011 Indian Government Census, West Bengal has the highest incidence of child marriage among girls (7.8%), much higher than the national average of 3.7%. It also has a low mean average of years...

    13 Sep 2017 | Arijita Dutta, Anindita Sen

  • Blog post

    Can India reap the demographic dividend in higher education?

    India’s population is going through a ‘demographic bulge’, with an increase in the proportion of the working age group and a decrease in that of dependents. In this article, Shivakumar Jolad computes the demographic changes due to fertility decline and attempts to forecast the demand and supply of higher education over the period 2016-2031, across Indian...

    12 Sep 2017 | Shivakumar Jolad

  • Blog post

    Roads to trade: Connecting mines versus cities in West Africa

    A recent project aims to decipher what kind of transport infrastructure West African countries need most to generate economic growth. The relative gains of prioritising internal market potential (cities) versus the export of natural resources (mines to ports) are calculated through a counterfactual comparative analysis with actual road and track building that took place...

    11 Sep 2017 | Steven Poelhekke, Roberto Bonfatti