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  • Blog post

    The politics of public sector and tax reform in Lebanon

    In Lebanon, rain from the latest storm was seen dripping through the cracks in Beirut’s bridges. This image aptly summarises the country’s deteriorating infrastructure, which is due to woeful public finances and decades of negligence. Until now, the focus has been on improving the resilience of the financial and banking systems, and immediate structural reforms, to...

    24 Jan 2019 | Moussa Saab

  • Blog post

    New research findings on firms in five graphs

    The productivity gap between firms in developed and developing countries is large. Recent research has focused on both the obstacles and opportunities in bridging this gap. This blog presents new findings, presented in five graphs, from up-and-coming economists exploring firm productivity in developing countries. Evidence shows firms are much less productive in developing...

    18 Jan 2019 | Emilie Yam

  • Blog post

    The trade and industrialisation nexus: A pathway for development

    There is no single country that has managed to reach a high-income level without first undergoing an industrialisation process. Even the few exceptions of rich countries with a large natural resource base, such as Canada and Australia, built a strong and relatively diversified industrial park. Perhaps the main question is what kind of industrialisation process the current...

    14 Jan 2019 | André Castro

  • Blog post

    Improving asset and debt management in developing cities

    Many developing cities have a large pool of wealth in their public assets, however they lack the inventory and strategic capacities required to untap the potential revenue. Well managed cities are able to harness their assets, ensuring they have predictable streams of finance that can be used to pursue inclusive and sustainable development plans. Strategic management of...

    9 Jan 2019 | Mihaly Kopanyi, Mila Friere

  • Blog post

    Challenges and choices in the Rwandan education system: R3 roundtable discussion

    Education is a vital part of any economic growth strategy. However, implementation in Rwanda must overcome a number of challenges including dropout rates, nutrition, teaching hours, teacher recruitment and management, and the need to develop a reading culture. In this blog post, Jonathan Bower describes presentations by researchers from Laterite and from Georgetown...

    7 Jan 2019 | Jonathan Bower

  • Blog post

    Is green growth possible? Revisiting the Environmental Kuznets curve

    Can economic growth be environment friendly? IGC Policy Economist, Matei Alexianu, looks at what we can learn from economic theory and evidence from around the world. He argues that both the optimistic and pessimistic views are unconvincing, and developing countries should use environmental policy to mitigate the costs of growth. Is there a trade-off between economic...

    2 Jan 2019 | Matei Alexianu

  • Blog post

    Designing national healthcare: Challenges and opportunities for Ayushman Bharat

    As India’s population ages, the demand for tertiary healthcare to treat non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular ailments is increasing rapidly. Estimates from the World Health Organisation show that deaths in India due to non-communicable diseases increased from 4.2 million in 2000 to 5.8 million in 2016. Over the same period, deaths...

    17 Dec 2018 | Sisir Debnath, Dibya Mishra , Tarun Jain, Revathy Suryanarayana

  • Blog post

    The supply chain for seed in Uganda: Where does it all go wrong?

    Seed quality is a major concern in Uganda Evidence from recent studies suggests low country-wide adoption of improved seeds by farmers. Farmers prefer to use home-saved seeds, indicating that they did not perceive the benefits of improved seed to be worth the cost (Tripp and Rohrbach, 2001; Remington et al., 2002; Sperling et al., 2008).  This has been linked to several...

    14 Dec 2018 | Nathan Fiala

  • Blog post

    Are women politicians good for economic growth?

    There has been a phenomenal global increase in the proportion of women in politics in the last two decades. We find that constituencies that elect women experience significantly higher growth in economic activity through the electoral term than similar constituencies that elect men.

    4 Dec 2018 | Sonia Bhalotra

  • Blog post

    Reforming Pakistan’s tax system: Evidence-based suggestions

    As Pakistan fails to collect a decent proportion of own-source revenue, it has little choice than to take on debt or depend on more creative means, such as a recent crowdfunding campaign, to fund public projects.  Where does Pakistan stand? Pakistan tax-to-GDP ratio is about 12% . In comparison, OECD countries raise taxes equivalent to about 34% of their GDP. This limits...

    3 Dec 2018 | Shahrukh Wani