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  • Blog post

    Intermediate cites and climate action: Driving change through urban land use and governance

    In the first blog of this two-part series, it was argued that especially in low-income settings, intermediate cities, through strong rural-urban linkages, can provide an important social safety net in addition to their potential to alleviate poverty in the long-term. Moreover, and although largely undervalued by the international community and countries, intermediate cities...

    9 Sep 2021 | Oliver Harman

  • Blog post

    Intermediate cities: A missing piece in the climate change puzzle

    Research and debate on climate change currently underestimate the importance of a key group of players: intermediate cities. Currently conversation and studies on climate change often centre on large and relatively wealthy capital cities. Their size in population, data availability and comparatively higher energy use per person are factors that draw attention. In...

    7 Sep 2021 | Oliver Harman

  • Blog post

    Environmental judicial activism: Bridging gaps in Pakistan’s environmental protection strategy

    In low-income countries, the role of the judiciary in mitigating the effects of climate change often faces significant hurdles in resources, capacity, and political will. In Pakistan, however, the establishment of several judicial commissions are tackling these challenges by supporting climate research, developing proactive approaches to climate issues, and creating...

    6 Sep 2021 | Emun Hafeez, Nick Wilkinson

  • Blog post

    How COVID-19 lockdowns and car-free days affected air pollution in Rwanda’s capital

    Rising levels of vehicle traffic, industrial activity and urban sprawl are contributing to rising levels of air pollution across the global South. This is particularly the case in cities where urbanisation is progressing fastest. In Kigali, the capital of Rwanda, the population has surged from less than 500,000 in 2000 to more than 1 million today. It is set to increase to...

    18 Aug 2021 | Egide Kalisa, Andrew Sudmant, Jonathan Bower, Remy Ruberambuga

  • Blog post

    Part 1: Smallholder farmers, biodiversity, and agricultural sustainability

    In Part 1 of this series, we discuss policy steps that could be taken by the world's least developed countries (LDCs) to ensure farmers can grow genetically diverse crops. In Part 2, we discuss the global community’s role in ensuring this is economically sustainable, including trade and domestic policy considerations for high- and middle-income countries that affect...

    16 Aug 2021 | Siobhan McDonough , Nick Wilkinson

  • Blog post

    The long-term journey to electric public transit in sub-Saharan Africa

    Mobility is necessary for economic development and human welfare; however, private vehicle and fossil fuel-driven transport is unsustainable, contributing to air pollution, climate change, and vehicle-caused deaths and injury. Public transit using electric vehicles (EVs) solves many of these problems. Many sub-Saharan African countries lack strong and centralised public...

    7 Jul 2021 | Siobhan McDonough

  • Blog post

    Does climate change cause conflict?

    A growing body of evidence suggests there are strong links between climate and conflict in both developed and developing countries. The effects of climate change, such as changes in temperature and precipitation, can increase the likelihood and intensity of conflict and violence. An influential paper, published in 2015, synthesised 55 studies and found that changes in...

    2 Jun 2021 | Emilie Yam

  • Blog post

    Building climate-responsive social protection

    As climate-related natural disasters occur with increasing frequency, disproportionally impacting poorer countries, robust social protection systems will become ever more necessary. Despite a wealth of evidence on the economic benefits of social protection, spending and coverage in low-income countries are inadequate to combat the effects of climate change. However, recent...

    26 May 2021 | Shahid Vaziralli

  • Blog post

    Projecting emissions: Assessing strategies to protect the planet and the poor

    While the poorest countries should prioritise climate resilience, fast growing economies must better complement growth with strategies to reduce emissions. Growth, poverty, and climate change are possibly the three most crucial considerations guiding development aid discussions. Thus, green growth strategies for lower-middle and low-income countries must be responsive to...

    13 May 2021 | Anum Anis

  • Blog post

    Climate change mitigation and adaptation is not enough to restore our Earth

    Climate change solutions typically fall into one of two categories: mitigation and adaptation. While critics argue that such categorisation is too narrow, I draw upon findings from an IGC country-wide consultation to explore climate change policies and priorities across our partner countries. I argue that although mitigation and adaptation are important policy themes,...

    5 May 2021 | Joevas Asare