Posts tagged as: Policy Brief


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  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Inflation in Ethiopia: Supply-side drivers

    This brief explores several dimensions of supply-side drivers of food inflation in Ethiopia. Given the persistence of food inflation in macroeconomic analysis, managing inflationary expectations through effective communication of the country’s macroeconomic policy stance and its adjustments is critical. On the supply side, marketable surplus of grain has not kept...

    31 Aug 2022 | Seneshaw Tamru, Tewodros Makonnen Gebrewolde, Kathie Krumm, Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse, Christopher Adam


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  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Strengthening low-income household support programmes

    This policy brief investigates how integrating actions to improve air and water quality and create income earning opportunities for women can improve low-income support programmes.

    12 Aug 2022 | Kulsum Ahmed, Ijaz Nabi, Sanval Nasim, Amna Mahmood, Farah Said


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  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Increasing productivity in Pakistan through a gender and vulnerability lens

    This policy brief examines recommendations to encourage female participation in the labour force in Pakistan.

    12 Aug 2022 | Kulsum Ahmed, Farah Said


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  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Prioritising climate action through a health and vulnerability lens

    This brief describes a six-point policy agenda to tackle air pollution, focusing on actions that could involve a broader effort to tackle climate change.

    12 Aug 2022 | Kulsum Ahmed, Sanval Nasim


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  • Publication - Policy Brief

    ICT investments on productivity: The example of mobile towers in Ethiopia

    After experiencing sustained and high economic growth, Ethiopia entered a reform period to realign economic incentives and encourage private sector-driven growth. Investments in the information, communication, and technology (ICT) sector have emerged as one potential engine of future growth and productivity. This includes the construction of mobile towers and giving...

    27 Jul 2022 | Niclas Moneke


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  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Recovery from the COVID-19 shock and the informal labour market in urban Uganda

    We conducted a phone survey of a representative sample of manufacturing firms and their workers in Uganda in Spring 2022, two years after the onset of the pandemic. We find that the second lockdown implemented in Uganda in June- July 2021 resulted in a sharp increase in business closures, but these were largely temporary. However, a sizeable share of firm owners...

    25 Jul 2022 | Vittorio Bassi, Jung Hyuk Lee, Alessandra Peter, Tommaso Porzio, Ritwika Sen, Esau Tugume


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  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Improving access to renewable energy in rural Sierra Leone

    Download the policy brief here. In Sierra Leone, only about 5% of the population in rural areas have access to electricity. The United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) is supporting the Government of Sierra Leone to increase access to electricity through the Rural Renewable Energy Project (RREP) with funding from the UK’s Foreign, Commonwealth and...

    30 Jun 2022 | Madison Levine, Niccoló Meriggi, Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak, Vasudha Ramakrishna, Lennart Sattlegger, Maarten Voors, Ariful Islam, Sellu Kallon, Julia Liborio


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  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Non-tariff barriers and regional integration in the East African Community

    We conducted surveys with a representative sample of over 1,500 traders in markets near the Kenya-Uganda border, as well as a census of border clearing agents, before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Larger traders are more likely to engage in cross-border trade, likely because the fixed costs of trade barriers mean that per-unit costs fall heaviest on smaller...

    21 Jun 2022 | Lauren Falcao Bergquist, Matthew Grant, Meredith Startz, Eleanor Wiseman


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  • Publication - Policy Brief

    How data can improve property tax implementation in Rwanda

    Rwanda introduced a new property tax law which entered into force on 1 January 2019. This property tax sought to increase municipal revenues from a low base and empower local government as part of a wider decentralisation process. IGC and the consulting firm GOPA, funded by GIZ, generated a prototype Computer Assisted Mass Appraisal (CAMA) for Kigali applying machine...

    21 Jun 2022 | Jonathan Bower, Kaspar Kundert, Patrick McSharry, Paul Brimble


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  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Responding to imported inflation in Uganda: Distributional impacts and policy options

    Inflation is ravaging the world, driven by a combination of post-pandemic supply chain disruptions, a rebound in global demand, and the war in Ukraine. The first round-effects of the global inflation surge in Uganda have occurred via jumps in the prices of seven principal commodities, delivering particularly adverse hits to the incomes of the poor. As a small open...

    14 Jun 2022 | Liam Carson, Harriet Conron, Richard Newfarmer