Posts tagged as: Working Paper


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  • Publication - Working Paper

    Recent developments in climate finance: Implications for Pakistan

    The Government of Pakistan (GoP) has ambitious plans for reducing 2030 greenhouse gas emissions to 50% of baseline projected levels. These plans anticipate USD 151 billion of investment just for energy sector mitigation projects by 2040. In the GoP’s view, any 50% reduction below baseline projected emissions should be financed 15% from domestic sources and 35% from...

    1 Sep 2022 | Ijaz Nabi, Amna Mahmood, William P. Mako, Shehryar Khan


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  • Publication - Working Paper

    How to deal with exchange rate risk in infrastructure and other long-lived projects

    Currency risk remains a significant deterrent to foreign investment flows to developing and emerging economies, particularly for long-duration infrastructure investments. Given the nature of such long-term investments, that take place in non-tradable sectors for which natural hedge is unlikely, hedging instruments are frequently costly, if at all available. Thus, either the...

    11 Aug 2022 | Claudio Frischtak, Luciano de Castro, Arthur M. Rodrigues


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  • Publication - Working Paper

    Excise taxes and digital tax stamps: Do digital tax stamps work?

    To effectively administer tax policy, tax administration must adjust to manage behavioural responses by firms. In financial year 2019/20, the Government of Uganda implemented a policy that required manufactures of some excisable goods to affix Digital Tax Stamps (DTS). In this paper, monthly excise tax returns data for four financial years are used to estimate the effect of...

    7 Jul 2022 | Silver Namunane


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  • Publication - Working Paper

    Does energy access increase resilience against COVID-19?

    This working paper is based on research co-financed by IGC and Energy Economic Growth (EEG) in Sierra Leone and led by the Wageningen University in the Netherlands. The research compares 54 communities that received solar PV powered mini grids under a FCDO / UNOPS programme with 54 similar communities without mini-grids. The aim was to assess the economic impact of the...

    10 Feb 2022 | Laura Langbeen, Joseph Levine, Madison Levine, Niccoló Meriggi, Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak, Vasudha Ramakrishna, Lennart Sattlegger, Maarten Voors


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  • Publication - Working Paper

    Fiscal federalism in Sudan (Arabic)

    Arabic version of the 'Fiscal federalism in Sudan' working paper.

    29 Oct 2021 | Sarah Logan, Arlette Nyembo, Barrett Owen, Moussa Saab, Camilla Sacchetto


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  • Publication - Working Paper

    Fiscal federalism in Sudan

    Since independence, there have been numerous decentralisation efforts – many of these have not been fully implemented, in part due to central resistance.

    29 Oct 2021 | Sarah Logan, Arlette Nyembo, Barrett Owen, Moussa Saab, Camilla Sacchetto


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  • Publication - Working Paper

    Services and economic development in Africa

    This paper presents data and analyses the structure of employment in thirteen African economies at the administrative unit level, with a focus on the role of services. We provide two novel pieces of evidence. First, we present a descriptive snapshot of changes in the composition of employment over time and across geographies. This reveals evidence of structural...

    1 Sep 2021 | Leonardo Baccini, Matteo Fiorini, Bernard Hoekman, Marco Sanfilippo


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  • Publication - Working Paper

    Pollution in Ugandan cities: Do managers avoid it or adapt in place?

    Developing countries suffer from rising urban pollution levels, with associated negative effects on health and worker productivity. We study how managers in developing country cities cope with the polluted environment. We collect high resolution pollution measurements within Ugandan cities and match these with a novel firm survey. We find that firms locate in close...

    3 Aug 2021 | Vittorio Bassi, Matthew Kahn, Tommaso Porzio, Nancy Lozano Gracia, Jeanne Sorin


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  • Publication - Working Paper

    Persuasion and public health: Evidence from an experiment with religious leaders during COVID-19 in Pakistan

    We use a Randomised Controlled Trial in Pakistan to test whether one-on-one engagement with community religious leaders can encourage them to instruct congregants to comply with public health guidelines when attending religious gatherings. Treated religious leaders are 25% more likely to tell a "mystery shopper" he must wear a mask to attend. Treatment effects are driven...

    3 Jun 2021 | Katherine Vyborny


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  • Publication - Working Paper

    Which jobs are lost during a lockdown? Evidence from vacancy postings in India

    1 Jun 2021 | Gaurav Chiplunkar , Erin Kelley, Gregory Lane