Posts tagged as: State

  • Event

    Roundtable on Zambia’s constituency development fund

    The International Growth Centre (IGC) hosts a closed-door roundtable to bring together government officials, researchers, and development partners to discuss the Constituency Development Fund (CDF) with a focus on the practical barriers faced in its implementation. Zambia has expanded the CDF in the 2022 budget by 1600%, making it the cornerstone government program for...

    21 September 2022

  • Blog post

    How DFIs can better invest in low growth countries

    Low growth countries struggle with persistent and extreme poverty and uncertainty about the ability of the private sector to grow. This makes new thinking in development finance crucial to support growth in these countries. The fourth annual DFI Fragility Forum was held in Oxford 3-4 May 2022. Each year, the conference brings together senior leadership from many of the...

    14 Sep 2022 | Colin Buckley

  • Event

    The development bargain: Why elites gamble on growth

    https://youtu.be/d7TCmKfqnGU You can also listen to the audio event recording here: IGC Admin · The development bargain: Why elites gamble on growth In the last 30 years, the developing world has undergone tremendous changes. Overall, poverty has fallen, people live longer and healthier lives, and economies have been transformed. Why have some countries prospered,...

    29 September 2022

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Inflation in Ethiopia: Supply-side drivers

    This brief explores several dimensions of supply-side drivers of food inflation in Ethiopia. Given the persistence of food inflation in macroeconomic analysis, managing inflationary expectations through effective communication of the country’s macroeconomic policy stance and its adjustments is critical. On the supply side, marketable surplus of grain has not kept...

    31 Aug 2022 | Seneshaw Tamru, Tewodros Makonnen Gebrewolde, Kathie Krumm, Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse, Christopher Adam

  • Blog post

    Remote sensing for property valuation and taxation in Pakistan

    Effective property tax administration and revenue collection require detailed and accurate property information. However, collecting this information through large surveys is both time consuming and costly. Remote sensing can simplify this process by mapping and identifying taxable properties in real time. The provincial capacity to generate fiscal revenue has been low in...

    15 Aug 2022 | Muhammad Fareed Zaffar, Murtaza Taj

  • Blog post

    Impact of the Russia-Ukraine war on Ethiopia

    The conflict in Ukraine and the subsequent sanctions against Russia triggered price increases of key commodities with far reaching impacts on welfare, production, and economic growth for developing countries, including Ethiopia. Economic sanctions were imposed on Russia by the US and EU to deter Russia from further escalating the war with Ukraine. The ongoing conflict has...

    8 Aug 2022 | Seneshaw Tamru, Tewodros Makonnen Gebrewolde

  • Blog post

    In-kind transfers as insurance: Evidence from India

    While academics and policymakers prefer unconditional cash transfer to the poor, they value in-kind transfers that protect against price fluctuations A fundamental question in the public economics literature, as well as in the practical design of social protection programmes, is whether transfers from the government to the poor should take the form of cash or kind...

    2 Aug 2022 | Lucie Gadenne, Sam Norris, Monica Singhal, Sandip Sukhtankar

  • Project

    Electronic fiscal devices in Tanzania

    Improving the efficiency of tax collection is key to reach sustainable and inclusive economic growth. In many developing countries tax collection is typically low due to evasion, corruption, and poor taxation technology. Several tax authorities in Africa have recently introduced Electronic Fiscal Devices (EFDs).   EFDs are devices with fiscal memory that have the...

    29 Jul 2022 | Santiago Garriga

  • Blog post

    Digital tax stamps and firm behaviour in Uganda

    Digital tax stamps enable governments to strengthen tax administration and compliance by simplifying the verification, tracking, and monitoring of excisable goods. Firms’ behavioural responses to these stamps determines ex-factory prices, sales revenues, and government excise revenues. In an effort to minimise underreporting and misclassification by firms manufacturing...

    19 Jul 2022 | Silver Namunane

  • Publication - Working Paper

    Excise taxes and digital tax stamps: Do digital tax stamps work?

    To effectively administer tax policy, tax administration must adjust to manage behavioural responses by firms. In financial year 2019/20, the Government of Uganda implemented a policy that required manufactures of some excisable goods to affix Digital Tax Stamps (DTS). In this paper, monthly excise tax returns data for four financial years are used to estimate the effect of...

    7 Jul 2022 | Silver Namunane