Posts tagged as: agriculture

  • Blog post

    Climate information services to enhance agricultural resilience: Evidence from Ethiopia

    Access to climate information services can improve agricultural productivity and farmers' resilience in Ethiopia. Panel data estimates reveal access to existing weather and climate services boosts maize and wheat productivity by about 27% and 17%, respectively, comparable to or higher than the conventional yield-increasing production technologies such as fertiliser and...

    9 Jun 2022 | Seneshaw Tamru, Bart Minten, Bethelhem Koru Aga

  • Blog post

    Stubble burning in Pakistan: Why it continues and how can it be curtailed?

    Many farmers consider stubble burning as the most effective and cost-efficient way to clear land for the next planting season. However, the environmental and health costs of agricultural stubble burning far outweigh the short-term economic benefits for farmers. This necessitates policy actions that offer environmentally friendly and affordable alternatives for...

    1 Jun 2022 | Hina Shaikh

  • Blog post

    Easing contracting frictions with machines: Evidence from India

    Mechanisation standardises output and lowers supervision needs for hired labour, freeing owners’ families to engage in profitable off-farm activities A long-standing tradition in economics argues that an essential condition for economic development is the adoption of technologies that increase agricultural productivity, thereby making workers available for other...

    25 Feb 2022 | Julieta Caunedo, Namrata Kala

  • Blog post

    Prospects for rural jobs in Ethiopia

    Ethiopia’s burgeoning rural population are in need of off-farm employment which the heavily agriculture-reliant economy will struggle to provide. As available land becomes less accessible, rural youth need alternative sources of income to support themselves. To answer this, we surveyed households in Ethiopia on the types of income sources currently available and what...

    24 Jan 2022 | Fantu Nisrane Bachewe, Seneshaw Tamru, Bethelhem Koru Aga

  • Blog post

    The impact of COVID-19 on smallholder farmers in India and the way forward

    IGC’s look at COVID-19’s economic influence in developing countries continued with an event focused on India, where the pandemic reveals the increasing vulnerabilities of smallholder farmers and an agricultural market badly in need of reform. Nearly 90% of India’s agricultural sector is made up of small and marginal farmers. These farmers are particularly...

    1 Mar 2021 | Kumar Das, Bijeta Mohanty

  • Blog post

    Agricultural value chain finance can help drive Myanmar’s agricultural growth

    Surrounded by some of the largest consumer markets in the world, at the nexus of important trade routes, and with its own growing consumer markets, Myanmar has tremendous potential as an agricultural producer. Yet one persistent obstacle is the agricultural sector’s lack of access to financial services, which can drive productivity and growth. Myanmar’s financial...

    11 Jan 2021 | Siddhartha Basu , Alan de Brauw, Russell Toth

  • Blog post

    The conundrum around India’s new agricultural reforms: Where do farmers stand?

    While the recent agricultural reforms in India have been hailed by some experts as a much-needed move towards privatisation and liberalisation of the sector, there is also a concern amongst some that the opening up of the agricultural market may also lead to corporate cartelisation. Additionally, critics have pointed out the procedural inadequacy of the reforms and how many...

    21 Dec 2020 | Bijeta Mohanty, Kumar Das

  • Blog post

    Rental markets for mechanisation in India: Trends and current state

    Agricultural landholdings and mechanisation levels vary considerably in the developing world. Whether smaller farmers adopt lower levels of mechanisation because returns to adoption are lower, or because there are barriers to adoption that are particularly detrimental to them remains unclear. Our project aims at estimating the impact of access to equipment rental markets on...

    11 Aug 2020 | Julieta Caunedo, Namrata Kala

  • Blog post

    Ideas Matter: Improving private sector performance

    Unleashing the potential of the private sector in developing countries is critical to achieving productive job creation and inclusive growth. Productivity growth - increasing how much output is realised from a given amount of inputs - is one of the main contributors to economic development (Caselli, 2004, Hall and Jones, 1999). One reason for productivity in developing...

    5 Aug 2020 | Nick Wilkinson

  • Blog post

    Impacts of the COVID-19 crisis on vegetable value chains in Ethiopia

    Measures to contain COVID-19 are expected to have significant effects on food value chains—but with important differences between commodities. Horticultural products are expected to be especially vulnerable because of their seasonal labour requirements and high perishability. In a recent survey, Seneshaw Tamru, Kalle Hirvonen, and Bart Minten tried to assess immediate...

    14 May 2020 | Seneshaw Tamru, Kalle Kalle Hirvonen, Bart Minten