Posts tagged as: Employment

  • Blog post

    Does service-sector employment lead to growth? Evidence from Africa

    Expansion in service-sector employment is greatly increasing across many low-income countries, but the relationship between services and potential for economic growth is less understood. In a recent study, we use micro-level data from 13 African countries to examine changes in employment over time. We look at the characteristics of those employed in services, differences...

    9 Feb 2022 | Leonardo Baccini, Matteo Fiorini, Bernard Hoekman, Marco Sanfilippo

  • Blog post

    Building back better: Fostering gender equality in Bangladeshi readymade garment industry

    Post-COVID-19 recovery in one of Bangladesh’s largest industries could lead to increased inclusivity thanks to external market pressures.  Editor's note: This blog is part of our International Women's Day campaign and contains findings from this IGC project. In Bangladesh, inclusive and resilient employment generation has received considerable policy focus as a...

    30 Mar 2021 | Farria Naeem

  • Blog post

    The conundrum around India’s new agricultural reforms: Where do farmers stand?

    While the recent agricultural reforms in India have been hailed by some experts as a much-needed move towards privatisation and liberalisation of the sector, there is also a concern amongst some that the opening up of the agricultural market may also lead to corporate cartelisation. Additionally, critics have pointed out the procedural inadequacy of the reforms and how many...

    21 Dec 2020 | Bijeta Mohanty, Kumar Das

  • Blog post

    COVID-19 and informality in sub-Saharan Africa: Containing an economic crisis

    Containment measures prevent informal workers from sustaining an income. Policies that support the informal sector are required to prevent an economic crisis. Informal employment involves working arrangements that are not subject to the protection of national labour legislation, income taxation, or entitlement to social protection or certain other employment benefits (see...

    20 Oct 2020 | Egas Daniel, Camilla Sacchetto

  • Blog post

    Ideas Matter: Improving private sector performance

    Unleashing the potential of the private sector in developing countries is critical to achieving productive job creation and inclusive growth. Productivity growth - increasing how much output is realised from a given amount of inputs - is one of the main contributors to economic development (Caselli, 2004, Hall and Jones, 1999). One reason for productivity in developing...

    5 Aug 2020 | Nick Wilkinson

  • Blog post

    Tourism and COVID-19 in Zambia

    COVID-19 is a real threat to Zambia’s tourism sector and there is a high risk that many firms will shut down and disappear, undermining any ultimate economic recovery when international travel resumes. The World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) has warned that the COVID-19 pandemic could cut 50 million jobs worldwide in the travel and tourism industry. The industry,...

    1 Jun 2020 | Rayner Tabetando

  • Blog post

    Urbanisation and structural transformation in Africa

    Urbanisation is central to Africa’s development, yet the basic facts of the process remain a puzzle to social scientists and policymakers alike. Economists typically explain urbanisation through the combination of two forces: agricultural push and industrial pull. Agricultural gains provide the initial impetus to urbanisation because they allow food requirements to be...

    1 Nov 2019 | Sebastian Kriticos

  • Blog post

    Mitigating welfare losses for workers after a layoff: Evidence from Brazil

    Across the development path, social insurance programs become an increasingly important part of governments’ role, and the SDGs have highlighted the importance of such social protection schemes for development. Informality and low state capacity, however, impose challenges for policy design that may have consequences for the insurance value of such programs, and there is...

    22 Aug 2019 | Francois Gerard, Joana Naritomi

  • Blog post

    What do surveys and SMS data reveal about Kigali’s unplanned settlements?

    Households living in unplanned areas of Kigali make complex trade-offs in terms of where they work and live. We use face-to-face and SMS surveys to understand these trade-offs as well as general patterns in migration, employment, mobility, housing, and access to infrastructure and services. Building an understanding of these dynamics is key for urban upgrading and more...

    10 Jun 2019 | Anirudh Rajashekar, Dimitri Stoelinga