Posts tagged as: Female labour-force participation

  • Blog post

    Overcoming barriers to access and agency for women entrepreneurs in India

    Despite various policies aimed at fostering women entrepreneurship in India, few women-led businesses reach the same scale as their male counterparts. Traditional gender roles often inhibit women’s agency, risk-taking, and decision making in business, thereby necessitating policies that are specifically aimed at helping women achieve their entrepreneurial potential. In...

    18 May 2022 | Shubhranka Mondal

  • Blog post

    She wins: Electing women in ethnically divided societies

    The Indian Constitution reserves at least 33% of seats in rural local governments for women, and Bihar is among the nine states that have opted for 50% reservation. However, women remain heavily underrepresented at the state and central levels. This note investigates how gender interacts with caste, political campaigns, and experiences of discrimination, to shape...

    21 Mar 2022 | Arindam Banerjee, Sayan Banerjee, Charles Hankla, Kunal Singh, Anjali Thomas

  • Blog post

    Barriers for women in economics: A review of recent findings

    The field of economics is one of the most gender imbalanced fields in academia, skewing heavily towards men. In this blog, we focus on three inhibiting mechanisms driving these gender imbalances in the discipline, namely lack of recognition, poor work environments, and self-selection.   With only two Nobel economic prizes awarded to women (out of 89 awards) and...

    10 Mar 2022 | Ondine Berland, Oliver Harman, Ninon Moreau-Kastler

  • Blog post

    India’s rising unpaid care crisis: Prioritising social protection investments for inclusive economic growth

    With India performing dismally in the domain of care work, and the pandemic having worsened the care crisis due to school and child care centre closures, along with mounting domestic work, it is imperative for policy responses to recognise and address the disproportionate burden of care on women. Low female labour force participation rates are a direct manifestation of this...

    11 Oct 2021 | Namrata Saraogi

  • Blog post

    Women and work: How much does measurement matter?

    Female labour force participation in India has been on the decline – dropping from an already low 29% in 2004-05 to 17% in 2017-18. However, the extent of women’s economic participation depends on how it is measured, and who is doing the measuring. In this context, this article uses survey data from four north Indian urban clusters, to demonstrate the role of instrument...

    20 May 2021 | Milan Vaishnav

  • Blog post

    Women's employment during the pandemic in Ghana: A tale of vulnerability and resilience

    Women have traditionally been more vulnerable in the labour market, more underrepresented and the nature of their employment less secure. While the COVID-19 pandemic and the measures to contain it hit women's employment the hardest, they were also the more resilient and rebounded much faster than men. Editor’s note: This article is part of our International Women’s...

    29 Mar 2021 | James Dzansi, Minki Kim, David Lagakos, Henry Telli

  • Blog post

    The growing concern around violence against women in India – Where do we stand?

    Violence against women is rampant in India, hinders educational attainment and earnings potential, and has significant economic and social costs. COVID-19 has exposed the fault lines of gender equality, with increases in the incidence of domestic violence during lockdown. Social programmes to sensitise men and boys on gender-related issues, and community-level platforms...

    25 Nov 2020 | Kumar Das, Bijeta Mohanty

  • Blog post

    Expanding opportunities in India’s labour market: Gender, skills, and migration

    India has one of the youngest populations in an ageing world. By 2020, the median age in the country will be 28 (compared to 37 in China and 45 in Western Europe). Nearly two-thirds of the Indian populace are of working age (between 15 and 64). The question is: will India be able to reap benefits of this ‘demographic dividend’ and fulfil the aspirations of its people,...

    20 Jan 2020 | Ella Spencer, Nalini Gulati

  • Blog post

    Women’s mobility and labour force participation in Karachi: Some preliminary observations

    Pakistan has the lowest female labour-force participation rate in South Asia[1] and urban areas perform especially poorly[2]. Distinct patriarchal norms interlinked with migrant status can affect women’s autonomy and thus labour-force participation in different ways. Recently the Collective for Social Science Research conducted fieldwork for the IGC supported project...

    7 Jun 2019 | Natasha Ansari