Posts tagged as: firms

  • Blog post

    Winners or losers? The COVID-19 impact on Zambian manufacturing firms

    The demand- and supply-side shocks on Zambian manufacturing firms caused by the COVID-19 pandemic have had mixed effects on firms’ sales and exports. In a recent survey of firms’ experiences, government response measures have reportedly been unaligned to these needs and thus underutilised as a set of support services. As a part of an ongoing IGC project on the...

    9 Jun 2021 | Mwanda Phiri, Shimukunku Manchishi

  • Blog post

    The value of a ‘seat at the table’: Elite interference in Lebanon’s public procurement

    Elites in weak bureaucracies have ample incentives to interfere in public procurement. New research from Lebanon shows how billions of dollars in foreign infrastructure funding are more likely to be contracted to firms that are politically well-connected. To improve public infrastructure procurement, greater accountability from elites is needed. The explosion at...

    22 Feb 2021 | Mounir Mahmalat , Sami Atallah, Wassim Maktabi

  • Blog post

    Ideas Matter: Improving private sector performance

    Unleashing the potential of the private sector in developing countries is critical to achieving productive job creation and inclusive growth. Productivity growth - increasing how much output is realised from a given amount of inputs - is one of the main contributors to economic development (Caselli, 2004, Hall and Jones, 1999). One reason for productivity in developing...

    5 Aug 2020 | Nick Wilkinson

  • Blog post

    Tourism and COVID-19 in Zambia

    COVID-19 is a real threat to Zambia’s tourism sector and there is a high risk that many firms will shut down and disappear, undermining any ultimate economic recovery when international travel resumes. The World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) has warned that the COVID-19 pandemic could cut 50 million jobs worldwide in the travel and tourism industry. The industry,...

    1 Jun 2020 | Rayner Tabetando

  • Blog post

    The long road towards supply chain trade in Africa

    Low-cost inputs trade, simple rules-of-origin, and digital connectivity are key to regional trade integration and global value chain participation. The recent Africa Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), in force since May 2019, is an important opportunity to develop and deepen supply chain trade across Africa. Evidence shows that integration into production networks -...

    27 Apr 2020 | Jaime de Melo, Anna Twum

  • Blog post

    Location, location, and information: Firm clustering in Kampala

    A distinctive feature of business in Kampala is the clustering of similar products in particular areas of the city. Need a boda boda helmet to get to work? On Kyagwe Road in Old Kampala you’ll find any and all vehicle parts and accessories. Art supplies? Head straight to the shops on Nasser Road in Nakasero. For furniture, there are at least ten different suppliers along...

    1 Apr 2020 | Priya Manwaring

  • Blog post

    Social norms and firm productivity in Bangladeshi garment factories

    Low firm productivity in developing countries presents a key barrier to economic development. Existing economic literature largely focuses on the effects of managers’ and workers’ behaviours on firm productivity (e.g., misallocation of female labour inside the firm). In contrast, we ask why certain behaviours that negatively impact firm productivity arise. We focus on...

    28 Feb 2020 | Laura Boudreau, Noam Yuchtman, Oren Reshef, Sakib Ifetkh Mahmood

  • Blog post

    The effect of financial literacy on the financial policies of firms

    Can education play a role in economic development through improved corporate practices? Several studies conducted with micro and small firms in developing countries point to this direction. But what about large firms? As large firms contribute to a sizeable share of the value created in a country, the potential effect of managers’ education on large firms’ performance...

    17 Feb 2020 | Cláudia Custódio, Daniel Metzger, Diogo Matos Mendes

  • Blog post

    Improving labour standards: Enforcement interventions by multinationals in Bangladesh

    When MNCs enforce garment factory Safety Committee law on external suppliers, compliance and safety indicators improve. Importantly, the degree to which they improve depends on the supplier’s organisational capacity. In developing countries, governments often lack the capacity or the political will to update and enforce regulations (Dal Bó and Finan, 2016), including...

    6 Feb 2020 | Laura Boudreau

  • Blog post

    West Africa’s artisanal gold mining sector: An overlooked driver of development?

    Most recent research on mining sector policy reform in West Africa has focused on the potential of large-scale multinational mining companies to transform developing economies. There has been comparatively less analysis of the economic impact of mining activities carried out informally and at a micro-scale. The artisanal and small-scale gold mining sector – informal, low...

    31 Jan 2020 | Roy Maconachie, Gavin Hilson