Posts tagged as: health


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    In extremity and externality: Need for policies to protect children from environmental crises

    Despite the undeniable threats of climate change, little consideration has been given to creating social safety nets for the vulnerable or engendering resilience in institutions disrupted by extreme climate events. In this post, Nikita Sharma considers the impact of climate change on economies and individuals, particularly children whose health and education are impeded as...

    5 Jun 2022 | Nikita Sharma


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    Overcrowding and pandemic risk hotspots in Rwanda

    Proximity between people, otherwise known as population density, is the foundation of prosperity and productivity in cities. There is no empirical link between the spread of COVID-19 risk and city population density. However, when population density is not well managed and becomes overcrowding, the risk of COVID-19 and other contagious diseases, rises. The COVID-19...

    12 Oct 2020 | Jonathan Bower, Anirudh Rajashekar


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    A policy trade-off? The impacts of stringent COVID-19 lockdowns

    New evidence suggests more moderate virus containment measures may be as effective in saving lives as stringent lockdowns – while saving economies. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, more than 170 countries around the world implemented some form of lockdown by 31 March 2020. Governments had to make urgent policy decisions with limited evidence. ‘Stay at home’...

    8 Oct 2020 | Anum Anis


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    Rwanda’s response to COVID-19 and future challenges

    Containment efforts have been effective; however, an impending global recession means the economic impacts of the pandemic will continue to be felt. In Rwanda, as of 19 May 2020, there have been 297 cases of COVID-19, of which 94 are active. There have been no deaths. These statistics are remarkable for the low number of cases and the fact that there have been no deaths so...

    19 May 2020 | Jonathan Bower, Derek Apell, Anna Twum, Adia Umulisa


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    Responding to the impacts of COVID-19 on informal workers in South Asia

    Informal workers contribute the most to the economy in the region but are excluded from the legal and contractual protections of formal workers. As the COVID-19 crisis continues to unfold across the world, informal workers remain exceptionally vulnerable to the economic and labour market shocks of the pandemic. Many of these workers are likely to lose their jobs and face...

    13 May 2020 | Hina Shaikh


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    Managing access to healthcare in Mozambique during the COVID-19 pandemic

    Authors’ note: This work is being co-developed with Janeth Dula, Sergio Chicumbe and Eduardo Samo Gudo from the National Institute of Health at the Ministry of Health in Mozambique. Low-cost solutions, like scheduled appointments, can improve healthcare delivery and medication adherence, while reducing vulnerability to infection. The district hospital of Nicoadala in...

    11 May 2020 | Margaret McConnel, Maria Steenland, Sandra Sequeira, Amanda Albuquerque, Juliana Portella


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    What’s the marginal productivity of a nurse?

    Imagine you are running a national health system in a country in Africa. You run thousands of health facilities and employ tens of thousands of nurses, doctors, midwives, and other health workers. Where should you deploy these personnel to have the greatest impact on public health?  Suppose there is a rural health clinic that employs two nurses. What would improve service...

    26 Feb 2020 | Binta Zahra Diop, Koku Awoonor-Williams, Anthony Ofosu, Martin Williams


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    Mission creep and motivation among community health workers in Pakistan

    Poor communication and multiple tasks from the Department of Health and Lady Health Worker Programme managers renders workers unsure of their mission and unmotivated. Pakistan is home to high child mortality rates. According to the Pakistan Social and Living Measurement (PSLM) Survey 2014-15, in rural Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), one in ten children suffer a bout of diarrhoea...

    1 Oct 2019 | Yasir Khan