Posts tagged as: trade


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    Trade, informality, and corruption: Evidence from small-scale traders in Kenya

    The COVID-19 pandemic has induced vast trade disruptions that have stunted firms’ sales, profits, and growth, particularly for small-scale traders. While many formal borders closed, small-scale traders crossing official borders must increasingly rely on informal border crossings to make a living. In Kenya, we surveyed small-scale traders to analyse their cross-border...

    2 Feb 2022 | Eleanor Wiseman


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    Projecting the impact of COVID-19 on exports in Ethiopia

    Agriculture exports will likely be the hardest hit, impacting poor rural livelihoods most. Domestic demand needs to be stimulated and protected. Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa, home to more than 110 million people and one of the fastest growing economies. Growth averaged more than 10% annually over the past decade and a half, leading to substantial...

    24 Jun 2020 | Seneshaw Tamru, Tewodros Makonnen Gebrewolde


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    The long road towards supply chain trade in Africa

    Low-cost inputs trade, simple rules-of-origin, and digital connectivity are key to regional trade integration and global value chain participation. The recent Africa Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), in force since May 2019, is an important opportunity to develop and deepen supply chain trade across Africa. Evidence shows that integration into production networks -...

    27 Apr 2020 | Jaime de Melo, Anna Twum


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    Improving labour standards: Enforcement interventions by multinationals in Bangladesh

    When MNCs enforce garment factory Safety Committee law on external suppliers, compliance and safety indicators improve. Importantly, the degree to which they improve depends on the supplier’s organisational capacity. In developing countries, governments often lack the capacity or the political will to update and enforce regulations (Dal Bó and Finan, 2016), including...

    6 Feb 2020 | Laura Boudreau


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    The Chinese are here: An analysis of import penetration and firm performance in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Imports from China are an opportunity for firms in Sub-Saharan Africa to boost productivity and can serve as a stimulus for skill upgrading and development. In the early 1990s, most of the imports into Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) originated mainly from Western economies such as the US, UK, France, and Germany. 25 years later, the share of imports from the UK had decreased to...

    22 Nov 2019 | Christian Darko , Giovanni Occhiali , Enrico Vanino


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    The costs of building exporter-buyer relationships in Myanmar

    Despite Myanmar’s recent economic and political liberalisation, the country’s exports remain low. One reason could be the costly search process between foreign buyers and local exporters. Alleviating such costs should be a priority for the government of Myanmar to boost exports. Since 2010, Myanmar has implemented political and economic reforms aimed at spurring growth...

    20 Nov 2019 | Matthieu Teachout


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    It’s good to talk: Improving industrial relations in Myanmar’s garment sector

    Myanmar’s garment sector has enjoyed rapid growth in recent years and is one of the government’s priority export sectors. However, rising industrial disputes, over issues such as working conditions and pay, pose a threat to the industry’s ability to export goods to major markets. An event co-organised by the IGC in Myanmar looked at the possible ways to improve both...

    27 Sep 2019 | Siddhartha Basu


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    Replenishing the rice bowl: Productivity and quality in Myanmar’s rice export industry

    Myanmar’s rice industry can be reignited by reforms. However, key challenges need to be addressed for the country to re-establish itself in the international market. Myanmar once held the distinction of being the world’s largest exporter of rice, accounting for one-third of the global rice trade in 1934-1935. Post-independence nationalisation of the industry was...

    17 Jul 2019 | Siddhartha Basu , Sudhanshu Sharma