Posts tagged as: urbanisation

  • Blog post

    The role of inter-governmental transfers in financing Africa’s cities

    Financial transfers from central governments to subnational governments in African cities can be successful in aiding urbanisation and development. However, these inter-governmental transfers need to be sufficiently sized, transparent, predictable, and based on feasible conditions to be effective.   Inter-governmental transfers (IGT) are the transfer of finance between...

    4 Aug 2022 | Oliver Harman

  • Blog post

    How transport reforms have impacted urban connectivity in Kenya

    For this third blog in our series on Chinese and African urbanisation, we explore how transport reforms have affected the delivery of urban connectivity infrastructure in Kenya, and how this compares with the different growth experiences of Chinese cities.  Early investment in transportation has been a fundamental feature of China’s relatively successful urban and...

    1 Feb 2021 | Astrid Haas, Sebastian Kriticos, Nicolas Lippolis

  • Blog post

    Housing in Hawassa: How to accommodate migrant labour in industrialising cities

    Lessons from China might inform urbanisation and industrialisation in Ethiopia, including labour rights and housing policies within an expanding manufacturing market. As we discuss in the first blog of this China-Africa series, urbanisation in sub-Saharan Africa has so far not been accompanied by a process of industrialisation, contrasting with the development...

    30 Nov 2020 | Astrid Haas, Sebastian Kriticos, Nicolas Lippolis

  • Blog post

    What a rapidly urbanising Africa can learn from China’s experience

    The parallels between Africa and China’s urbanisation trajectories could offer policymakers potential policy design lessons to learn from. For example, some of China’s recent successes in managing urbanisation, if adequately adapted to the unique and diverse African context, could potentially help the continent’s burgeoning city growth become more sustainable and...

    27 Nov 2020 | Astrid Haas, Sebastian Kriticos, Nicolas Lippolis

  • Blog post

    Urbanisation in fragile societies: Thinking about Kabul

    As part of the Blavatnik School of Government’s “Challenges of Government” Conference, the International Growth Centre’s Cities that Work team put together a panel on identity and legitimacy in Kabul. The discussion highlighted the importance of building legitimacy in fragile contexts, particularly given the emergence of fragmented identities and new networks of...

    13 Feb 2020 | Oliver Harman, Shoaib Rahim, Shahrukh Wani

  • Blog post

    Transforming secondary cities in Uganda for job creation

    Across developing countries, the combined forces of rapid population growth, a burgeoning youth workforce, and urbanisation have created a policy imperative to generate jobs at an enormous scale. While primary cities must play a role in this job creation, it is unrealistic to imagine that all the necessary jobs, or even the majority, can be created in a single metropolitan...

    12 Feb 2020 | Gregory Randolph, Miljan Sladoje, Sabina Dewan

  • Blog post

    Urbanisation and structural transformation in Africa

    Urbanisation is central to Africa’s development, yet the basic facts of the process remain a puzzle to social scientists and policymakers alike. Economists typically explain urbanisation through the combination of two forces: agricultural push and industrial pull. Agricultural gains provide the initial impetus to urbanisation because they allow food requirements to be...

    1 Nov 2019 | Sebastian Kriticos

  • Blog post

    Insights to inform urban planning in Rwanda

    The economic geography of Rwanda is characterised by relatively low levels of urbanisation (estimated at about 19% in 2016-2017), a high urbanisation growth rate, high population density and the urban dominance of Kigali City, the capital. Rwanda has urbanised rapidly over the past decade and will continue to experience further urban growth in the near future. Urbanisation...

    27 Aug 2019 | Anirudh Rajashekar, Marion Richard, Dimitri Stoelinga

  • Blog post

    A framework for affordable housing in Pakistan

    Pakistan’s population explosion and rapid urbanisation has left a growing number of people without access to decent, stable, affordable housing. The last census, in 2017, documents a housing stock of 32.2 million, of which 39% is urban. The urban population is expected to grow by 2.3 million people per year over the next 20 years. This translates into the demand for...

    13 Aug 2019 | Kamil Khan Mumtaz, Hina Shaikh

  • Blog post

    Getting the right institutions in place to run Africa’s cities efficiently

    Over the next 16 years, all of the world’s 10 fastest growing cities are going to be in Africa. If this growth is a process of people voting with their feet, as last year’s winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics Paul Romer once put it, these cities are winning. Yet urbanisation in many developing countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, is not delivering the...

    22 May 2019 | Astrid Haas, Shahrukh Wani