Among the many challenges and opportunities facing South Sudan as it embarks on its newly found statehood, is the question of its possible accession to the East African Community (“EAC” or “Community”). Accession to the EAC presents both opportunities and challenges for South Sudan. This note highlights key legal provisions of the EAC’s main documents. It does not attempt to provide an answer to the question of whether or not to join the EAC. This complex decision should be based on multiple and wide-ranging political and economic analyses.
The aim of this note is to contribute one piece of analysis to the debate, pertaining to the legal framework of accession with a particular focus on economic underpinnings. It identifies areas where the Government could potentially benefit from accepting new trade disciplines associated with EAC membership. It also points to areas where South Sudan may wish to negotiate for exceptions or delayed implementation.