Cadot is a professor of International Economics and director of the Institute of Applied Economics at the University of Lausanne. Prior to taking up his position at Lausanne, he was Associate Professor of Economics at INSEAD. He has held visiting appointments at UCLA and McGill University, New York University, Université d’Auvergne, Koç University, the Paris School of Economics and the Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris. He was a Senior Economist in the World Bank's Trade Department between 2009 and 2011 and has advised the French Government, the Swiss Federal Government and the European Commission on trade policy matters. He also worked for the OECD and the International Monetary Fund. He was elected best teacher of the year at HEC Lausanne and was nominated three times for the Outstanding Teacher Award at INSEAD. He has contributed regularly to international executive programmes. He is a Research Fellow of the Center for Economic Policy Research in London and an Associate Scholar of CERDI and the CEPREMAP. He also serves on the editorial board of the Revue d’Economie du Developpement and on the scientific advisory board of the Fondation Jean Monnet. He has published numerous scholarly papers on international trade and economic development.