Bernard Hoekman

Bernard Hoekman is Director of Global Economics at the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (Global Governance Programme) at the European University Institute; and a CEPR Research Fellow. Prior positions at the World Bank include Director of the International Trade Department; Research Manager of the trade team in the Development Research Group; task leader of the trade capacity building program of the World Bank Institute. During the Uruguay Round of trade negotiations he worked as a research economist in the GATT Secretariat (1988-93). He has published widely on the multilateral trading system and economic development, trade in services, and preferential trade agreements.. He is a graduate of the Erasmus University Rotterdam, holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Michigan and is Senior Associate of the Economic Research Forum for the Arab Countries, Iran and Turkey.

Content by Bernard Hoekman
  • Publication - Project Report

    Government demand and domestic firm growth: Evidence from Uganda

    Using detailed administrative data, this paper analyses the relationship between participation in public procurement (selling to government entities) and firm performance in Uganda. We find positive associations with total sales, gross profits, total compensation of employees, number of workers and sales per employee. Overall sales growth associated with selling to...

    12 Oct 2022 | Bernard Hoekman, Marco Sanfilippo, Filippo Santi, Rohit Ticku

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Government demand and domestic firm growth: Evidence from Uganda

    Government procurement is an important mechanism for private sector development in Uganda. The 2014 Buy Uganda Build Uganda policy aims to expand domestic consumption of locally produced goods and services, setting a target of awarding at least 20% of the value of public procurement contracts to Ugandan firms. We study the impact of participation in public...

    28 Sep 2022 | Bernard Hoekman, Marco Sanfilippo, Filippo Santi, Rohit Ticku

  • Blog post

    Does service-sector employment lead to growth? Evidence from Africa

    Expansion in service-sector employment is greatly increasing across many low-income countries, but the relationship between services and potential for economic growth is less understood. In a recent study, we use micro-level data from 13 African countries to examine changes in employment over time. We look at the characteristics of those employed in services, differences...

    9 Feb 2022 | Leonardo Baccini, Matteo Fiorini, Bernard Hoekman, Marco Sanfilippo

  • Publication - Working Paper

    Services and economic development in Africa

    This paper presents data and analyses the structure of employment in thirteen African economies at the administrative unit level, with a focus on the role of services. We provide two novel pieces of evidence. First, we present a descriptive snapshot of changes in the composition of employment over time and across geographies. This reveals evidence of structural...

    1 Sep 2021 | Leonardo Baccini, Matteo Fiorini, Bernard Hoekman, Marco Sanfilippo

  • Publication - Project Report, Working Paper

    Bolstering SME participation in public procurement: Policy options for Lebanon

    The government of Lebanon is working on a new public procurement law and implementing regulations to unify and modernize public sector procurement. Based on a review of the literature and analysis using available data on procurement policy, this report explores options to enhance participation by SMEs in public procurement. Six areas for actions are suggested for...

    3 Jan 2020 | Bernard Hoekman, Moussa Saab, Bedri Tas

  • Project

    SMEs involvement in public procurement

    Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) have a huge potential for job creation, growth and innovation. The strong involvement of SMEs in public procurement allows unlocking this potential for the economy. It also allows contracting authorities to considerably broaden their potential supplier base, therefore enhancing competition on public contracts and counterbalancing...

    17 Dec 2019 | Bernard Hoekman, Bedri Tas

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Firm performance and participation in public procurement: Evidence from sub-Saharan Africa

    Public procurement of goods and services accounts for more than 10 percent of GDP in many African countries meaning that governments are an important source of demand. This study uses firm-level data from 19 sub-Saharan African countries to assess the productivity performance of firms participating in public procurement. The findings suggest that companies that...

    9 Mar 2018 | Bernard Hoekman, Marco Sanfilippo

  • Project

    Government demand and firm performance: New evidence for sub-Saharan African Countries

    This project seeks to analyse the role of public procurement as a determinant of firm performance in developing countries. Public procurement is increasingly being employed as an industrial policy tool by East African countries (and developing countries more generally) searching to upgrade domestic industrial capabilities and spur innovation while promoting sustainable...

    18 Jan 2018 | Bernard Hoekman, Marco Sanfilippo

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Services trade policies in the East African Community and merchandise exports

    16 Jun 2016 | Bernard Hoekman, Ben Shepherd

  • Publication - Working Paper

    Services, firm performance, and exports: The case of the East African Community

    6 Apr 2016 | Bernard Hoekman, Ben Shepherd

  • Project

    Services, firm performance, and exports

    Recent research has analysed the links between services sector trade and investment policies and the impact of liberalisation of services trade barriers on the productivity of manufacturing. Francois and Hoekman (2010) and Christen, Francois, and Hoekman (2013) survey much of the extant literature in this area. This direction of research has revealed that sector-level...

    4 Sep 2015 | Bernard Hoekman, Ben Shepherd

  • Blog post

    Reducing trade costs

    The experience of East Asian countries as well as other economies that have successfully used trade to sustain high rates of economic growth over a long period illustrates the high payoff of efforts to lower formal trade costs. Specific efforts to reduce trade costs should become the of focus of international development cooperation

    13 Mar 2015 | Bernard Hoekman, Ben Shepherd