Bilal Siddiqi is an Economist in the Development Research Group at the World Bank. He was a postdoctoral scholar affiliated with the Center on Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law at Stanford University. His research focuses on micro-institutions, formal and informal legal systems, peace-building and state accountability in post-conflict settings. He was involved in several field experiments in Sierra Leone and Liberia, including a randomised controlled trial of two non-financial incentive mechanisms in Sierra Leone’s public health sector; experimental evaluations of community-based paralegal programs in Liberia and Sierra Leone; and a randomized controlled trial of a community reconciliation program in Sierra Leone. Bilal received his Ph.D. and M.Phil. in economics from Oxford University, where he studied as a Rhodes Scholar. Prior to Stanford, he was based at the Institute for International Economic Studies (IIES) at Stockholm as a Marie Curie / AMID Scholar; and has also spent time at the Center for Global Development in Washington, DC, where he worked on aid effectiveness in global health. He holds a B.Sc. (Hons) from the Lahore University of Management Sciences in Lahore, Pakistan.