Carlo Menon

Carlo Menon is working as an Economist in the Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) where he does research in Innovation Economics, Entrepreneurship, Public Economics and Economic Geography. He was formerly Research Director at Kigali-based consulting firm Laterite. He holds a PhD from the London School of Economics.

Content by Carlo Menon
  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Is there an urban wage premium in Rwanda?

    Rwanda has prioritised urbanisation as a major driver of growth. Our research uses high quality household data to examine whether similar individuals earn and consume more in Rwanda’s cities than would do in its rural areas. We find that nominal urban wages and consumption are larger for urban areas than for rural areas, and larger for bigger cities than for...

    2 Jun 2021 | Jonathan Bower, Carlo Menon, Sakshi Gupta

  • Publication - Working Paper

    Is there an urban wage premium in Rwanda?

    This paper uses household data from Rwanda to analyse the urban wage premium and urban consumption premium. We find that both nominal wage and nominal consumption of workers in Rwanda are significantly higher in urban areas than in rural areas - and correlate to city size - even when individual characteristics are controlled for. This implies some form of agglomeration...

    22 Mar 2021 | Jonathan Bower, Sakshi Gupta, Carlo Menon

  • Project

    Is there an urban wage premium in Rwanda?

    Urbanisation is key to promoting sustainable economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). A growing body of economic literature has reached a consensus that urban wages are consistently higher than rural wages in a phenomenon known as the “urban wage premium”. However, evidence is much more scarce on an urban wage premium for developing countries and for Africa in...

    30 Apr 2020 | Carlo Menon