Clare Leaver

Clare Leaver is Associate Professor of Economics and Public Policy at the Blavatnik School of Government and Fellow of University College. Prior to this, she was a University Lecturer in Economics in the Department of Economics at Oxford and Fellow of The Queen’s College. Clare completed her PhD studies at the University of Bristol, and remains an associate member of Bristol’s Centre for Public and Market Organization. She moved to the University of Oxford to take up a Postdoctoral Research Fellowship in 2003, and was appointed to a University Lectureship in 2007. She is the Director of the Service Delivery Programme at the Oxford Institute for Global Economic Development, and Research Coordinator of the Research into Improving Systems of Education Programme hosted by the Blavatnik School.

Much of Clare’s research focuses on careers and incentives within the public sector. In previous research, she has studied Public Utility Commissioners in the United States, and the senior judiciary in England and Wales. In current work, she is focusing on incentives for educators in low and middle-income countries. Specific projects include studies of: the effectiveness of paying for locally monitored teacher presence in Uganda; the impact of paying for teacher preparation and pedagogy, alongside more standard metrics of teacher presence and student performance, in Rwanda; and the welfare consequences of school ‘supply-side’ responses to the Right to Education Act in India.

Content by Clare Leaver
  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Reforming educator accountability systems: Evidence from Pakistan

    Pakistan suffers from extremely low learning levels, and past research has shown that a lack of effective incentives for educators is a substantial contributor to this problem. Recognising this, the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) government wanted to reform the educator accountability system. Under a proposed reform, educator promotions would be linked to performance...

    27 Oct 2020 | Saher Asad, Masooma Habib, Naureen Karachiwalla, Katrina Kosec, Clare Leaver, Attique Ur Rehman

  • Blog post

    Improving teacher accountability in Pakistan’s rural schools

    Pakistan has extremely low learning levels and poor education service delivery is a driving factor. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) government has expressed a strong desire for evidence on how to design evaluation and oversight systems for the education sector, with the goal of improving learning. Accordingly, we conducted an International Growth Centre (IGC) supported study...

    3 Feb 2020 | Saher Asad, Masooma Habib, Naureen Karachiwalla, Katrina Kosec, Clare Leaver, Attique Ur Rehman

  • Publication - Project Report

    Recruitment, motivation, and retention effects of teacher performance pay

    2 May 2017 | Andrew Zeitlin, Clare Leaver, Pieter Serneels, Owen Ozier

  • Project

    Recruitment, motivation, and retention effects of teacher performance pay

    Skilled and intrinsically motivated personnel are central to state capacity, yet the capability to recruit, elicit effort from, and retain this profile of civil servants remains a challenge in many developing countries. In this project, we ask whether performance contracts for teachers in Rwanda can affect not only the effort provided by existing teachers, but also the...

    17 Mar 2017 | Andrew Zeitlin, Clare Leaver

  • Project

    Mechanisms for increasing the accountability of teachers and schools in rural Pakistan to improve learning outcomes

    Pakistan has extremely low learning levels and poor education service delivery is a driving factor. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) government has expressed a strong desire for evidence on how to design evaluation and oversight systems for the education sector, with the goal of improving learning. The government has two evaluation and oversight systems that should, in...

    9 Jan 2017 | Masooma Habib, Naureen Karachiwalla, Saher Asad, Katrina Kosec, Clare Leaver

  • Publication - Project Memo

    Public Sector Performance and Motivation (Project Memo)

    21 Feb 2016 | Andrew Zeitlin, Clare Leaver, Pieter Serneels

  • Project

    Public Sector Performance and Motivation

    Civil servants’ performance contracts (‘imihigo’) are intended to improve the speed and quality of Rwanda’s government programming This project analysed the current imihigo system and makes recommendations for its improvement The researchers recommended designing performance contracts in light of the ‘causal chain’ that will deliver the desired...

    21 Feb 2016 | Andrew Zeitlin, Clare Leaver, Pieter Serneels

  • Project

    Optimal Design of Mobile Monitoring

    This project is a follow-up project of Improving Services Delivery: An Assessment of Absenteeism Data. Teacher absenteeism remains a serious challenge in Uganda, with estimated rates of absence as high as 27 per cent. Evidence from other countries suggests that a monitoring scheme, combined with bonus payments, could reduce absenteeism, and improve education performance....

    17 Nov 2014 | Andrew Zeitlin, Ibrahim Kasirye, Clare Leaver, Pieter Serneels, Jacobus Cilliers

  • Multimedia Item - Video

    Growth Week 2014: Country Session - Rwanda

    6 Oct 2014

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Improving Teacher Attendance using a Locally Managed Monitoring Scheme: Evidence from Ugandan Primary Schools (Policy Brief)

    4 Sep 2014 | Jacobus Cilliers, Ibrahim Kasirye, Clare Leaver, Pieter Serneels, Andrew Zeitlin

  • Blog post

    Using financial incentives and mobile monitoring to address teacher absenteeism in Uganda’s primary schools

    "The challenge: How do we improve accountability of teachers with local monitoring? Uganda has made considerable progress in expanding access to primary school in their bid to achieve the universal primary education goal of the Millennium Development Goals by 2015. The number of enrolled primary school-aged children more than doubled to five million after Uganda...

    9 Dec 2013 | Jacobus Cilliers, Ibrahim Kasirye, Clare Leaver, Pieter Serneels, Andrew Zeitlin