Garth Frazer

Garth Frazer is Associate Professor of Business Economics in the Department of Management at the University of Toronto-Scarborough, with a cross appointment to the Business Economics area at Rotman. His research is focused on industrial development and trade with a focus on productivity, particularly in Africa. He has explored the impact of trade agreements and trade preferences on African trade, and provided advice to African governments in their trade negotiations. He is also Associate Editor of the Journal of African Economies.

Content by Garth Frazer
  • Project

    Responding to the US threat to remove AGOA preferences - Rwanda

    The second-hand clothing ban in the East African Community (EAC) is a policy whose proposed goal is to spur the development of the local EAC apparel industry. The U.S. Administration, under President Donald Trump, has threatened to remove trade preferences that are provided to EAC countries under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) if they do not reverse the...

    29 Oct 2018 | Garth Frazer, Victor Steenbergen, Ritwika Sen

  • Project

    Responding to the US threat to remove AGOA preferences - Uganda

    The second-hand clothing ban in the East African Community (EAC) is a policy whose proposed goal is to spur the development of the local EAC apparel industry. The U.S. Administration, under President Donald Trump, has threatened to remove trade preferences that are provided to EAC countries under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) if they do not reverse the...

    23 Aug 2018 | Garth Frazer, Victor Steenbergen, Ritwika Sen

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Uganda: Responding to the US threat to remove AGOA preferences

    The second-hand clothing ban in the East African Community (EAC) is a policy aimed at spurring the development of the local EAC apparel industry. However, the US government has threatened to remove trade preferences that are provided to EAC countries if they do not reverse the tariff increases on second-hand clothing imports. Kenya decided to unilaterally revert to...

    23 Aug 2018 | Garth Frazer, Victor Steenbergen

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Rwanda: Responding to the US threat to remove AGOA preferences

    The second-hand clothing ban in the East African Community (EAC) is a policy aimed at spurring the development of the local EAC apparel industry. However, the US government has threatened to remove trade preferences that are provided to EAC countries if they do not reverse the tariff increases on second-hand clothing imports. Kenya decided to unilaterally revert to...

    23 Aug 2018 | Garth Frazer, Victor Steenbergen

  • Project

    Unpacking the impact of regional integration in the East African Community

    With Brexit and the recent shift toward protectionism in U.S. politics, free trade and in particular regional trade agreements are under attack in prominent contexts.  Globalisation, in terms of lowered barriers to trade, has been much studied by economists--both in terms of the aggregate welfare impacts and income distribution.  In contrast, the study of preferential...

    25 Oct 2017 | Garth Frazer

  • Project

    Evaluation of the Common External Tariff (CET) of the East African Community (EAC) from Uganda and Rwanda's perspective in 2017

    Regional trade integration is a pillar of East African Community partner states’ trade policies, including Uganda and Rwanda. The Customs Union, a first milestone in the regional integration process, was adopted in 2005, committing member states (initially Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania) to the adoption of a Common External Tariff (CET). Uganda has now had twelve years of...

    19 Jul 2017 | Garth Frazer

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Imports, sensitive items, and Ugandan trade policy

    10 Mar 2017 | Garth Frazer

  • Blog post

    The boring infrastructure that Rwanda needs

    Sometimes, the infrastructure that is needed is old and boring. In the 21st century, where the world is electronically interconnected and global information transfers happen in the fraction of a second, building electronic, communication infrastructure is an important component of economic success.  Even small farmers in rural Africa benefit from these information...

    9 Aug 2016 | Garth Frazer

  • Publication - Working Paper

    The EAC Common External Tariff (CET) and Rwanda

    20 Oct 2014 | Garth Frazer

  • Project

    The EAC Common External Tariff (CET) and Rwanda

    A major pillar of Rwanda’s economic policy, beginning with its Vision 2020 document of 2000, has been to work toward deeper integration into regional and international markets. It took a major step forward on this front with its membership in the East African Community (EAC) in 2007, and then with its implementation of the Common External Tariff (CET) of the EAC on July...

    20 Oct 2014 | Garth Frazer

  • Project

    Imports in a Low-Income Country

    International trade has been an integral part of every successful development strategy. This research project will focus on the benefit of imports, and whether imports provide low-income countries with access to high-quality or high-technology goods, which enable an expansion in their firm capabilities. The research will include exploration of the benefit of import trade...

    1 Mar 2014 | Garth Frazer