This brief investigates the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on gross national income in Pakistan and its districts.
To address the lack of available data, we developed a machine-learning algorithm that can predict economy activity in real time by leveraging administrative, night-light, and other real-time data.
Urban districts in Pakistan drove the slow-down in...
8 Nov 2021 | Ali Choudhary, Ijlal Haqqani, Federico Lenzi, Nicola Limodio
The COVID-19 pandemic severely affected the growth and subnational distribution of income in low-income countries. To understand these effects, we produce monthly aggregates on gross national income (GNI) for 147 Pakistani districts through real-time data and machine learning between 2012 and 2021.
Three findings emerge from our analysis. First, urban districts...
25 Oct 2021 | Ali Choudhary, Ijlal Haqqani, Federico Lenzi, Nicola Limodio