James Fomba Sandy
James Sandy is a researcher at the Centre for Economic Research and Capacity Building in Sierra Leone.
Content by James Fomba Sandy
Publication - Policy Brief
It is increasingly recognised that Informal Cross Border Trade in Africa and in particular, the Mano River Union (MRU) countries is critical owing to its broader impact on the economies of these countries. This brief analyses the extent of informal cross-border trade, particularly in terms of the volume, value, direction, and composition of imports and exports in the...
Informal Cross Border Trade (ICBT) has become a topical issue in Africa, and in particularly the Mano- River Union (MRU) due to its broader impact on the economies of these countries. This form of trade lowers the efficiency of measures put in place to ensure health, safety and environmental protection. Agricultural commodities which are often traded informally, for...
Publication - Working Paper
An assessment of the agricultural cross border trade between Sierra Leone and her neighbours (Guinea and Liberia)
Informal Cross Border Trade (ICBT) has become a topical issue in Africa, and in particular the Mano River Union (MRU) due to its broader impact on the economies of these countries. Whilst ICBT may provide short-term solutions to poor households, in the long run it can seriously challenge the economic development of African countries. ICBT creates unfair competition...