Joshua Chipman was formerly Country economist for IGC Tanzania. He holds an MPhil in Development Studies from the University of Oxford and a BA in Politics, Philosophy, and Economics from the University of York. Prior to work in the IGC he was an ODI Fellow and Policy Analyst in the Prime Minister’s Office in Swaziland where he worked in a strategic planning, and monitoring and evaluation Unit with oversight responsibility for the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Trade, Ministry of Economics Planning and Development, and Ministry of Finance. He has also worked as a research assistance in a Child Protection NGO. His research interests include firm productivity, labour markets, and the state.