Content by Milan Vaishnav
Publication - Policy Brief
In the coming years, India will seek to reap the benefits of a demographic dividend that will maximise the growth potential of its economy. However, this potential dividend will likely be squandered if half of the country’s population—namely women—face continued steep barriers to social and economic empowerment. This study examines how gender, urbanisation, and...
Publication - Project Report
Female labour force participation in India has been on the decline – dropping from an already low 29% in 2004-05 to 17% in 2017-18. However, the extent of women’s economic participation depends on how it is measured, and who is doing the measuring. In this context, this article uses survey data from four north Indian urban clusters, to demonstrate the role of instrument...
A significant puzzle regarding India's recent economic development is the country's declining rate of female labour force participation (FLFP). According to the International Labour Organization, FLFP in India dropped from 35% (1990) to 27% (2014). This has occurred despite the steady increase of per capita income, education, and urbanisation, while fertility rates are...