Paul Romer

Dr. Paul Romer took office as the World Bank’s Chief Economist and Senior Vice President in October, 2016.

Romer is on leave from his position as University Professor at New York University. His initial interest in technological progress led to research on topics ranging from an abstract analysis of how the economics of ideas differs from the economics of objects to practical suggestions about how to improve science and technology policy. More recently, his research on catch-up growth in low- and middle-income countries has emphasized the importance of government policies that encourage orderly urban expansion.

Before NYU, Romer taught at Stanford University’s Graduate School of Business, and while there, also started Aplia, an education technology company dedicated to increasing student effort. Romer has also variously taught economics at the University of California, Berkeley, the University of Chicago, and the University of Rochester.

In 2002, he received the Recktenwald Prize for his work on the role of ideas in sustaining economic growth. Romer holds bachelor of science in mathematics from the University of Chicago, and a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Chicago after doing graduate work at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Queens University.

Content by Paul Romer
  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Returns to work are lower in developing countries: Is it due to their sectoral and urban structure?

    Developing economies have more workers in sectors or locations where there may be less scope for learning, thus, this brief asks whether their economic and urban structure could explain their lower levels of economic development? This study obtains measures of returns to work experience across various dimensions using data from 23 million individuals in more than...

    8 Jan 2020 | Remi Jedwab, Paul Romer, Dietrich Vollrath, Asif Islam, Daniel Pereira

  • Project

    Estimating the returns to human capital in the cities of developing countries

    The purpose of this project is to examine the relationship between returns to human capital, urbanisation, and growth, using a household survey and population census microdata to estimate the wage profiles for: (i) The urban areas of various groups of countries. (ii) The rural areas of the same countries. (iii) The largest city and the secondary cities of the same...

    28 Oct 2016 | Remi Jedwab, Paul Romer, Daniel Pereira, Asif Islam