Priya Manwaring

Priya Manwaring is a Country Economist for the International Growth Centre, based in Kampala. She works as part of the IGC’s Uganda programme on issues related to firm productivity and urban development.

Priya holds an MSc in Development Economics from the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, and a BA in Philosophy, Politics and Economics from the University of Oxford. Her current research areas include urban land use and planning, public infrastructure and service provision, housing markets, firm productivity and industrial policy, and municipal finance.

Content by Priya Manwaring
  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Electricity usage: An early signal of the impact of COVID-19 on Uganda’s economy

    Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, Uganda has put in place swift policy responses, including country-wide restrictions on the movement of people and a national curfew. A critical challenge throughout this period has been a lack of timely economic indicators to better understand both the effects of the health crisis and of government policies in response. ...

    30 Mar 2021 | Nicole Ntungire, Leonard Gichia, Priya Manwaring

  • Project

    Exploring interactions between national and local government taxes in Uganda

    One key concern reported by taxpayers and tax authorities in Uganda is ‘double taxation’ on different sources of income from local and national revenue authorities. One example is rental income in Kampala city, which is taxed both by the Uganda Revenue Authority through rental income tax, and by the Kampala Capital City Authority in the form of property rates. Not only...

    22 Mar 2021 | Priya Manwaring, Tanner Regan

  • Publication - Project Report

    Property tax compliance in Kampala: Preliminary evidence from taxpayer feedback and administrative data

    29 Jan 2021 | Jones Ahabwe, Henry Kikonyogo, Priya Manwaring, Robert Mugangaizi, Julius Mutebi, Daniel Nuweabine, Tanner Regan

  • Blog post

    The compliance challenge: Raising property tax revenues in Kampala

    Property taxes are an important potential source of revenue for cities. Faced with limited municipal revenues and rapidly growing populations, taxes on the value of land and property can offer a significant source of funding for cities to provide local services and to tap into financing for larger investments. Recent improvements to the tax administration system in Kampala...

    28 Jan 2021 | Priya Manwaring, Tanner Regan

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Enhancing property tax compliance in Kampala

    Property taxes are an important source of revenue for Kampala Capital City Authority, making up over 30% of own source revenues in 2018/191. Recent reforms to collect data on all properties in the city have expanded the tax net considerably. Now that the tax net has been expanded, the city faces a new challenge – raising compliance with property taxes. Currently,...

    25 Jan 2021 | Jones Ahabwe, Henry Kikonyogo, Priya Manwaring, Robert Mugangaizi, Julius Mutebi, Daniel Nuweabine, Tanner Regan

  • Publication - Project Report

    What is the fiscal costs of tax incentives in Uganda?

    20 Jan 2021 | Nada Eissa, Priya Manwaring, Nicole Ntungire, Jakob Rauschendorfer

  • Project

    Electricity usage: An early signal of the impact of COVID-19 on Uganda’s economy

    As the coronavirus pandemic continues to take its toll on the world, several governments have taken unprecedented measures to contain the speed of transmission and buy time to build much-needed testing and treatment capacity. The problem, however, is that in a rapidly changing global and domestic environment, official government statistics that would typically be availed...

    7 Dec 2020 | Priya Manwaring, Nicole Ntungire, Leonard Gichia

  • Project

    Special economic zones in Uganda: An impact analysis

    As Uganda embarks on an ambitious plan for investing in industrial parks, there are opportunities for the government to target scarce resources towards tackling challenges facing firms in ways that are less financially and politically demanding compared to wide scale reforms. Many countries have used similar spatial policies as a catalyst for economic growth, with...

    2 Dec 2020 | Vittorio Bassi, Priya Manwaring, Matthieu Teachout

  • Project

    Estimating income losses and consequences of the COVID-19 crisis in Uganda

    COVID-19 continues to take its toll on the world and more recently, the African continent. While the continent still accounts for fewer cases or deaths, in cities such as Uganda, the incidence of the disease has risen sharply. Uganda is not new to infectious diseases and has successfully battled outbreaks of Ebola, Marburg and even HIV/AIDS. Whilst COVID-19 has...

    27 Nov 2020 | Stephen D. Younger, Albert Musisi, Wilson Asiimwe, Nicole Ntungire, Jakob Rauschendorfer, Priya Manwaring

  • Publication - Working Paper

    Estimating income losses and consequences of the COVID-19 crisis in Uganda

    The recent COVID-19 pandemic has come at an overwhelming cost to both developed and developing countries; Uganda is no exception. Despite having relatively few cases, the pandemic’s indirect effects arising from an economic contraction and global recession, as well as the direct effects through ill health and death, are likely to have a devastating impact on poverty...

    26 Nov 2020 | Stephen D. Younger, Albert Musisi, Wilson Asiimwe, Nicole Ntungire, Jakob Rauschendorfer, Priya Manwaring

  • Publication - Project Report

    Estimating income losses and consequences of the COVID-19 crisis in Uganda

    20 Nov 2020 | Stephen D. Younger, Albert Musisi, Wilson Asiimwe, Nicole Ntungire, Jakob Rauschendorfer, Priya Manwaring

  • Blog post

    Reigniting economic growth after COVID-19 in Uganda

    The recent COVID-19 pandemic has come at an enormous cost to both developed and developing countries, and Uganda is no exception to this. Decisive policies to promote household and firm survival alongside longer-term planning for growth will be crucial to Uganda’s recovery. Early this year, the Government of Uganda took decisive action to limit the spread of COVID-19,...

    19 Oct 2020 | Priya Manwaring

  • Publication - Policy paper

    Urban land use planning for economic growth

    Land use planning plays a crucial role in improving the productivity, livability, and sustainability of developing cities. Drawing on successful reforms from developed and developing countries, this paper explores the trade-offs associated with designing and enforcing land use plans and regulations in the context of rapid and often informal urban development

    5 Oct 2020 | Paul Collier, Edward Glaeser, Tony Venables, Priya Manwaring

  • Blog post

    Property taxes in a pandemic world

    While increasing demands are being placed on cities to address the current crisis and plan for resilience in the future, key sources of city government revenues are drying up. Taxes based on the value of land and/or property offer extraordinary potential for cities in financing urban recovery, but crucial to this is raising tax morale through visible investments in...

    13 Aug 2020 | Astrid Haas, Priya Manwaring, Jennifer Musisi

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Enhancing property tax in Kampala: Successes, challenges, and next steps for increasing municipal revenue

    Property tax is a significant source of municipal revenues in Kampala, making up over 35% of own source revenues for the Kampala Capital City Authority. However, there is significant room for improvement. While legal exemptions and limited means of enforcement require legislative change to enhance revenues, in the short run improvements to valuation and efforts to...

    6 Aug 2020 | Priya Manwaring, Tanner Regan

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Making the most of investment in Uganda: The role of supplier development programmes

    Growing investment in Uganda offers an opportunity for policymakers to boost local production through supplier development programmes. This brief considers the potential benefits of such programmes in Uganda to both large firms and suppliers. It also considers best practice for implementation, drawing on evidence from such programmes in countries such as Mexico,...

    4 Aug 2020 | Priya Manwaring, Jakob Rauschendorfer

  • Project

    Public reporting and property tax compliance: A field experiment in Kampala, Uganda (2020)

    Property taxes are a key source of revenues for the Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA), accounting for over 35% of own source revenues in FY 2018/19. However, there is significant room for improvement in property tax revenue collection; only 30% of properties complied with the tax in FY 2018/19. Ongoing discussions with the KCCA and preliminary administrative data...

    1 Jul 2020 | Priya Manwaring, Tanner Regan

  • Publication - Policy note

    Uganda’s industrialisation strategy: Challenges, opportunities, and lessons of experience

    Uganda currently faces a challenge of how to transform economic activity away from low value-added agricultural production, non-tradeable services and manufacturing activities towards high value globally competitive industry. While in many ways Uganda is facing a different global environment in which to pursue industrial development than earlier East Asian...

    16 Apr 2020 | Danny Leipziger, Priya Manwaring

  • Blog post

    Technology and property tax: Raising city revenue in Kampala

    Recent technology has proved effective in expanding the city’s tax base but requires up to date data and is no substitute for supportive policy and legislation. Property taxes are a hugely important potential source of revenue for cities. Faced with limited municipal revenues and rapidly growing populations, taxes on the value of land and property can offer a...

    14 Apr 2020 | Priya Manwaring, Tanner Regan

  • Blog post

    Location, location, and information: Firm clustering in Kampala

    A distinctive feature of business in Kampala is the clustering of similar products in particular areas of the city. Need a boda boda helmet to get to work? On Kyagwe Road in Old Kampala you’ll find any and all vehicle parts and accessories. Art supplies? Head straight to the shops on Nasser Road in Nakasero. For furniture, there are at least ten different suppliers along...

    1 Apr 2020 | Priya Manwaring

  • Publication - Policy note

    Property taxes in Kampala: Some background information

    Property rates, as collected by the Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA), are taxes on the rental or business income of property in the city of Kampala, Uganda that can be applied to commercial, institutional, and rented residential properties across the five urban divisions of the city. Property rates make up a substantial proportion of the KCCAs own source...

    5 Mar 2020 | Priya Manwaring, Tanner Regan

  • Publication - Policy note

    Beyond manufacturing: Reconsidering structural change in Uganda

    Uganda, along with other African countries, needs targeted policies to shift employment into more productive activities. “Industries without smokestacks” – tradeable services and agro-industrial activities that have more in common with manufacturing industries than more traditional services and agriculture – offer a new path for structural change in African...

    26 Feb 2020 | Richard Newfarmer, John Page, Priya Manwaring, Jakob Rauschendorfer

  • Publication - Policy note

    Special Economic Zones: Policy considerations for Uganda

    21 Feb 2020 | Priya Manwaring, Matthieu Teachout

  • Project

    Valuation models for property tax in Kampala, Uganda

    Property taxation is one of the most significant sources of revenue collected by the Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) to fund vital public goods and services in Uganda’s capital. With rapid urban growth and increasing demands on public investment, the city is keen to undertake reforms that can help to improve revenue generation from this source. As part of ongoing...

    3 Dec 2019 | Tanner Regan, Priya Manwaring

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Urban mobility: policy decisions for connecting the city

    This brief explores key trade-offs policymakers face in improving systems of urban mobility. Drawing on cross- city experience, it looks at addressing rising demands for private transport, options for formalising existing transport systems, and trade-offs policymakers face in investing in high capacity public transit.

    15 Nov 2019 | Paul Collier, Edward Glaeser, Tony Venables, Priya Manwaring, Michael Blake

  • Project

    Public reporting and property tax compliance: A field experiment in Kampala, Uganda

    Property tax, as collected by the Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA), is a tax on the rental income of property in the city of Kampala, Uganda that can be applied to commercial, institutional and rented residential properties across the five urban divisions of the city. Property taxes are a key source of revenues for the Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA), accounting...

    9 Nov 2019 | Priya Manwaring, Tanner Regan

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Impôts sur le foncier: pour valoriser des revenus municipaux inexploités

    Dans ce bulletin, nous abordons l’importance de l’impôt foncier annuel comme source de financement des municipalités et examinons les avantages et les inconvénients que rencontrent les décideurs dans la mise en œuvre des réformes. Nous recensons également des exemples de pratiques exemplaires de réforme adoptées par des villes de pays en...

    16 Aug 2019 | Paul Collier, Edward Glaeser, Tony Venables, Priya Manwaring, Michael Blake

  • Publication - Policy paper, Synthesis paper

    Policy options for informal settlements

    Across the developing world, the pace of urbanisation has outstripped the ability of governments to faciliate decent, affordable housing, resulting in unplanned and often illegal settlements. This paper brings together economic research and cross-country experience to inform trade-offs policymakers face, both in addressing existing informal settlements, and in preventing...

    12 Mar 2019 | Paul Collier, Edward Glaeser, Tony Venables, Michael Blake, Priya Manwaring

  • Publications Reader Item

    Informal settlements and housing markets

    21 Jan 2019

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Informal settlements and housing markets

    Across the developing world, over one billion people live in informal settlements, and this number is set to double in the next 15 years. This brief explores options for policymakers both to address existing informal settlements, and to ensure that future urban growth provides affordable formal housing for its residents.

    18 Jan 2019 | Paul Collier, Edward Glaeser, Tony Venables, Michael Blake, Priya Manwaring

  • Blog post

    From roads to regulation: Realistic transport reform in Greater Kampala

    Across developing cities, transportation is struggling to keep up with rapid population growth. Transport systems that are supposed to connect individuals to jobs, services, and markets have limited reach and low capacity. Land allocated to roads in sub-Saharan African cities, for example, is around a third of that in cities in other parts of the world (Collier and Venables...

    10 Oct 2018 | Priya Manwaring

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Land rights: Unlocking land for urban development

    This brief outlines the crucial role land rights play in urban development, and explores trade-offs that policymakers face in reforming current tenure systems. It identifies key lessons and best-practices from policy reforms across the developing world.

    5 Jul 2018 | Paul Collier, Edward Glaeser, Tony Venables, Michael Blake, Priya Manwaring

  • Publication - Policy paper

    Accessing opportunities: Policy decisions for enhancing urban mobility

    11 May 2018 | Paul Collier, Edward Glaeser, Tony Venables, Priya Manwaring, Michael Blake

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Making the most of urban land

    Land is a city’s most valuable resource, but is liable to be badly misused.  As cities grow, land risks becoming occupied without coordination or supporting infrastructure, while a few lucky landowners enjoy rising values created by the entire city. Active policy can change this. Urban policymakers face decision on land policy that will dramatically shape the future...

    16 Mar 2018 | Paul Collier, Michael Blake, Priya Manwaring

  • Publications Reader Item

    Making the most of urban land

    13 Mar 2018

  • Publication - Synthesis paper

    Private vs. public collection in enhancing local tax revenues

    15 Feb 2018 | Astrid Haas, Priya Manwaring

  • Blog post

    Improving transport in developing cities with investment and regulation

    On 15 November 2017, the Oxford Urbanists and the International Growth Centre’s (IGC) Cities that Work initiative, co-hosted a panel discussion on the ‘Future of Informal Transport in Rapidly Growing Cities’, to discuss evidence for improved policy. Transport and development Transport is a vital component of connectivity in developing cities, allowing them to be a...

    15 Jan 2018 | Priya Manwaring

  • Blog post

    Improving tax administration in Tanzania: Lessons from Uganda’s tax reform

    Reforms to revenue administration offer a low cost option for cities to dramatically and sustainably expand revenues. Cities in Tanzania can learn from the successful reforms implemented in Kampala – but successful reform requires sufficient political will and funding to drive these. On the 2nd – 4th October 2017, the International Growth Centre (IGC) was invited to...

    29 Nov 2017 | Priya Manwaring

  • Blog post

    Driving urban development: An agenda for accessibility

    On the 8th September 2017, the World Bank, George Washington University and the International Growth Centre hosted the 4th Urbanization and Poverty Reduction Research Conference: Building or Rebuilding Cities for Growth in Washington DC. The conference brought together top academics and practitioners to discuss the role sustainable cities play in economic growth and poverty...

    3 Oct 2017 | Priya Manwaring

  • Blog post

    World Habitat Day 2017

    To mark 2017’s World Habitat Day, the theme of which is Housing Policies: Affordable Homes, we asked researchers working on housing to provide their thoughts on the future of urban housing policy: Could you give an example of an interesting policy that could help to tackle some of the housing challenges faced in developing cities? Simon Franklin: large scale low cost...

    2 Oct 2017 | Simon Franklin, Paul Collier, Julia Bird, Michael Blake, Nina Harari, Mila Friere, Priya Manwaring

  • Publication - Synthesis paper

    Secure, legally enforceable and marketable land rights for urban development

    This Cities that Work paper first outlines why secure, legally enforceable and marketable land rights play such a pivotal role in urban development. Section 2 discusses the trade-offs associated with different tenure systems, both formal and informal. Whilst there can be strong benefits in formalising land rights, processes of formalisation need to be underpinned by...

    31 Aug 2017 | Paul Collier, Edward Glaeser, Tony Venables, Michael Blake, Priya Manwaring

  • Publication - Synthesis paper

    Land and property taxes for municipal finance

    This Cities that Work paper explores why land and physical properties represent the largest source of untapped municipal revenue. Alongside their potential to raise significant public revenues, land and property taxes are also fairer and more efficient than other forms of tax. They have limited effects on urban investment, and allow governments to capture increases in land...

    31 Aug 2017 | Paul Collier, Edward Glaeser, Tony Venables, Michael Blake, Priya Manwaring

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Land and property taxes: Exploiting untapped municipal revenues

    Part of our Cities that Work publications, this brief outlines the importance of annual land and property tax as a source of municipal finance and explores trade-offs that policymakers face in implementing reform. It also identifies examples of best practice for reform from cities across the developing world.

    31 Aug 2017 | Paul Collier, Edward Glaeser, Tony Venables, Priya Manwaring, Michael Blake

  • Blog post

    Unexpected side-effects: Urban policies and market responses

    Should cities invest in public transport systems, even if they might slow growth? Can an HOV lane reduce congestion when drivers circumvent it? Is unpredictability of police enforcement a good thing for reducing drunk-driving? These and other surprising facts were presented at the recent IGC mini-cities conference. Research highlighted below showcases the importance of...

    19 Jun 2017 | Michael Blake, Priya Manwaring