Ritwika Sen

Ritwika Sen was formerly IGC Country Economist for Uganda.

She holds a B.A. (H) in Economics from the University of Delhi, and an MSc in Economics from the London School of Economics and Political Science. Prior to joining the IGC, Ritwika worked as an Overseas Development Institute Fellow at the Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources in Rwanda, focusing on aid coordination, planning & budgeting, and monitoring & evaluation.

Content by Ritwika Sen
  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Understanding productivity dispersion: Evidence from a new survey of manufacturing firms in Uganda

    There are large productivity differences across firms in developing countries, even within the same sector and region. Understanding what contributes to such differences in productivity is important for designing policies to help low productivity firms grow. This project implemented a representative survey of over 1,000 manufacturing firms in Uganda to quantify...

    30 Jan 2020 | Vittorio Bassi, Raffaela Muoio , Joshua Mutambi, Tommaso Porzio, Ritwika Sen, Esau Tugume

  • Project

    Quality upgrading and contract enforcement in Uganda's coffee sector

    There has long been interest in the process of structural transformation, moving from subsistence agriculture to the production of manufactured goods (Lewis, 1954). Improving the value of agricultural exports is often considered an important first step in this process. More broadly, there has been growing interest in quality upgrading in developing country markets and firms...

    3 Dec 2019 | Ameet Morjaria, Lauren Falcao, Ritwika Sen

  • Publication - Project Report

    Understanding productivity dispersion: Evidence from a new survey of manufacturing firms in Uganda

    19 Sep 2019 | Vittorio Bassi, Raffaela Muoio , Joshua Mutambi, Tommaso Porzio, Ritwika Sen, Esau Tugume

  • Project

    Reviewing Uganda’s 2017 National Export Action Plan

    Uganda’s Export Promotion Action Plan prioritises export-oriented growth to attain middle income status by 2020. In April 2017, the Uganda National Planning Authority (NPA) invited the IGC to review the Export Promotion Action Plan. According to the NPA, the IGC’s recommendations informed not only the Export Action Plan, but a number of other policy papers ...

    16 Jan 2019 | Ritwika Sen, Richard Newfarmer

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Opportunities in Uganda’s Arabica value chain

    Coffee is an important part of the Ugandan economy, stably generating around 15% of export earnings for the past 15 years, even as other exports have risen. Uganda produces 1% of the world’s Arabica crop, but while its production is increasing and is highly competitive, it has been overlooked by trade and consumers. The project explored two policy options for...

    7 Jan 2019 | Ameet Morjaria, Martin Sprott, Jenny Scharrer, Ritwika Sen

  • Project

    Responding to the US threat to remove AGOA preferences - Rwanda

    The second-hand clothing ban in the East African Community (EAC) is a policy whose proposed goal is to spur the development of the local EAC apparel industry. The U.S. Administration, under President Donald Trump, has threatened to remove trade preferences that are provided to EAC countries under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) if they do not reverse the...

    29 Oct 2018 | Garth Frazer, Victor Steenbergen, Ritwika Sen

  • Project

    Responding to the US threat to remove AGOA preferences - Uganda

    The second-hand clothing ban in the East African Community (EAC) is a policy whose proposed goal is to spur the development of the local EAC apparel industry. The U.S. Administration, under President Donald Trump, has threatened to remove trade preferences that are provided to EAC countries under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) if they do not reverse the...

    23 Aug 2018 | Garth Frazer, Victor Steenbergen, Ritwika Sen

  • Project

    Firm-level technology adoption and investment in training

    In developing countries, firms produce using technologies farther away from the frontier, and workers have lower education and formal training. It has long been argued that skills and technology are complementary (see, for example, Foster and Rosenzweig 1996). As a result, the lower skill endowment of workers may reduce the incentives of firms to invest in technology, and...

    22 Feb 2018 | Vittorio Bassi, Tommaso Porzio, Esau Tugume, Ritwika Sen, Raffaela Muoio

  • Publication - Working Paper

    Reform of the EAC Common External Tariff: Evidence from trade costs

    16 Nov 2017 | Ben Shepherd , Jaime de Melo, Ritwika Sen

  • Project

    Reform of the EAC Common External Tariff

    The Common External Tariff (CET) of the East African Community (EAC) is due for potential reform in November 2017. Manufacturers associations in the large EAC countries are pressing for additional tariff bands and greater protection, with the stated aim of promoting backward linkages and value chain development. This direction is dangerous in a dynamic sense, as it sets the...

    16 Nov 2017 | Ben Shepherd , Jaime de Melo, Ritwika Sen

  • Publication - Policy note

    Agricultural transformation and urbanisation in Uganda

    20 Jan 2017 | Douglas Gollin, Ritwika Sen

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Maximising the impact of FDI on domestic industrial capabilities and job creation

    The prospective benefits from FDI for a host country, in terms of spillovers for technology transfer and quality upgrading, are not automatic or guaranteed. Governments need to play a proactive role to harness these benefits by linking multinational corporations (MNCs) and local suppliers through market enhancing measures to reduce informational asymmetries and...

    20 Dec 2016 | Ritwika Sen, Sarah Logan