Sarah Logan

Sarah is Head of the State Fragility initiative (SFi), a team dedicated to working on issues of state fragility and with governments of fragile and transitioning countries. SFi also serves as the secretariat of the Council on State Fragility and co-hosts the DFI Fragility Forum with the IFC, AfDB, and CDC Group. Sarah has worked extensively with governments of fragile states, including Sudan, Yemen, Somaliland, Zimbabwe, Myanmar, and South Sudan on a wide range of economic policy issues, including private sector development, trade and investment, fiscal federalism, and mobile money regulation.

Prior to leading the State Fragility initiative, Sarah led the IGC’s former Flexible Engagements Programme and established and managed (in partnership with ANDE) the SGB Evidence Fund, which supports collaborations between researchers and practitioners to understand the most effective ways to support small and growing businesses in developing countries. Prior to joining the IGC, Sarah worked for a law firm in New York City providing legal and policy advice to developing country governments on natural resource governance issues.

Sarah holds an MPA from Columbia University, an LLB from the University of Cape Town, and is an admitted attorney and member of the New York State Bar, American Bar Association, and Law Society of the Northern Provinces (South Africa).

Content by Sarah Logan
  • Sudan flag
    Publication - Synthesis paper

    Sudan in the global economy: Opportunities for integration and inclusive growth (Arabic)

    1 Nov 2021 | Joevas Asare, Shima Awad, Sarah Logan, Patrick Mathewson, Camilla Sacchetto

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Exchange rate reform in Sudan (Arabic)

    29 Oct 2021 | Sarah Logan

  • Publication - Working Paper

    Fiscal federalism in Sudan (Arabic)

    Arabic version of the 'Fiscal federalism in Sudan' working paper.

    29 Oct 2021 | Sarah Logan, Arlette Nyembo, Barrett Owen, Moussa Saab, Camilla Sacchetto

  • Publication - Synthesis paper

    Sudan in the global economy: Opportunities for integration and inclusive growth

    In this paper, we outline evidence that could support government’s strategy to move Sudan towards an economic integration agenda that promotes inclusive growth. Specifically, we outline evidence on how the government could promote trade, investment, and integration. We also consider the role of the domestic banking sector in supporting this. We focus on: Domestic...

    29 Oct 2021 | Joevas Asare, Shima Awad, Sarah Logan, Patrick Mathewson, Camilla Sacchetto

  • Publication - Working Paper

    Fiscal federalism in Sudan

    Since independence, there have been numerous decentralisation efforts – many of these have not been fully implemented, in part due to central resistance.

    29 Oct 2021 | Sarah Logan, Arlette Nyembo, Barrett Owen, Moussa Saab, Camilla Sacchetto

  • Photo by Christopher Michel/Flickr
    Publication - Policy Brief

    Exchange rate reform in Sudan

    Since 2018, Sudan had been in severe economic distress, with a growing divergence between the official and parallel exchange rates and high and rising inflation, fueled by Sudan’s significant fiscal deficit, which reached 11% of GDP in 2019. With limited access to financial markets and concessional financing, Sudan was bridging the fiscal deficit...

    23 Oct 2021 | Sarah Logan

  • Publication - Policy paper

    Motór sira ba kresimentu no transformasaun setoriál Timor-Leste nian (Rezumu)

    21 Jun 2021 | Camilla Sacchetto , Sarah Logan, Joevas Asare, Moussa Saab

  • Publication - Policy paper

    Os motores do crescimento e da transformação sectorial de Timor-Leste (Resumo)

    21 Jun 2021 | Camilla Sacchetto , Sarah Logan, Joevas Asare, Moussa Saab

  • Publication - Policy paper

    Timor-Leste's drivers of growth and structural transformation (Summary)

    21 Jun 2021 | Camilla Sacchetto , Sarah Logan, Joevas Asare, Moussa Saab

  • Cover photo by Tanushree Rao/Unsplash
    Publication - Policy paper

    Timor-Leste’s drivers of growth and sectoral transformation

    This policy paper discusses policy priorities to realise Timor-Leste’s socio-economic potential on its path to middle-income status, focusing on fisheries, agriculture, and tourism as key sectors for economic transformation and analysing the role of infrastructure investment, financing frameworks, and digital innovation in making this possible. See below for summaries...

    8 Jun 2021 | Camilla Sacchetto , Sarah Logan, Joevas Asare, Moussa Saab

  • Publication - Case study

    AgDevCo in Malawi: A case study of the higher costs – and notable impact – of investing in challenging contexts

    Firms and investors face high risks and costs when entering and operating in challenging environments, but their investments can provide considerable social and economic benefits. This case study explores how AgDevCo’s investments in Malawi demonstrate these dynamics and motivate the case for public funding to be used to offset the costs of pioneering in difficult settings.

    22 Mar 2021 | Chris Isaac, Sarah Logan

  • Publication - Policy paper

    Strengthening development finance in fragile contexts

    Pioneering firms have the potential to achieve significant social and economic benefits in fragile and conflict‑affected settings. However, these contexts involve higher risks and costs, which dissuades pioneers and investors. In this policy paper, we argue that the public good these firms provide warrants the use of public funds to offset the costs of pioneering in these...

    22 Mar 2021 | Paul Collier, Sebastian Kriticos, Camilla Sacchetto , Sarah Logan

  • Publication - Policy paper

    Stimuler les investissements dans l’énergie dans les États fragiles

    Il est essentiel d’élargir l’accès à l’énergie dans les contextes fragiles pour que ces milieux puissent se remettre de COVID-19 et échapper à la fragilité. Ce document d’orientation accompagne l’appel à l’action lancé par le Conseil sur la fragilité des États et le G7+ sur le thème “Stimuler les investissements dans l’énergie dans les États...

    2 Mar 2021 | Sarah Logan, Camilla Sacchetto

  • Publication - Policy paper

    Scaling energy investments in fragile states

    Expanding energy access in fragile contexts is critical for these settings to recover from COVID-19 and escape fragility. This policy paper accompanies the call to action issued by the Council on State Fragility and g7+ on ‘Powering up energy investments in fragile states’, which calls for a new approach for scaling energy access in fragile contexts.

    24 Feb 2021 | Sarah Logan, Camilla Sacchetto

  • Blog post

    Power planning in fragile and conflict-affected states

    Traditional methods of energy planning are likely to provide results that may be inappropriate in fragile and conflict-affected countries. The risks of violence and damage, significant delays and cancellations in infrastructure projects, or projects coming in at very high cost, are rife in these states. Security issues can significantly hamper, or make infeasible, the...

    20 Oct 2020 | Morgan Bazilian, Sarah Logan

  • Blog post

    Invest in energy access for a resilient recovery from COVID-19 in fragile environments

    The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed many inequities, both within countries and across the world. The least developed countries and those affected by fragility and conflict have been particularly hard hit by the economic impacts of COVID-19, experiencing unprecedented declines in commodity prices and remittances and a collapse in earnings at the household, firm, and national...

    16 Oct 2020 | Sarah Logan

  • Blog post

    Smart containment and social protection: Lessons from Kenya’s COVID-19 fight

    During a time of high uncertainty, the Kenyan government has taken careful and considered steps towards containing COVID-19, while keeping as much of the economy functioning as possible. To work most effectively, the government’s smart containment strategy must be informed by data – more extensive COVID-19 testing is critical for this. As with many other African...

    18 May 2020 | Sarah Logan

  • Multimedia Item - Video

    Event: The economic and security implications of COVID-19 in the Middle East

    On 6th May 2020, the IGC convened a panel to discuss the economic and security implications of COVID-19 in the Middle East. Panellists included Maha Yahya, Ala Qasem, Moayad Samman, and Sarah Logan.

    7 May 2020

  • Blog post

    A renewed South Africa?

    Following an ultimatum from his own party, Jacob Zuma resigned as the President of South Africa on 14 February 2018. There is a sense of relief that the Zuma era is over, and optimism at the prospect of new leadership. However, cleaning out the deep corruption that’s taken root in South Africa will be no small feat. What lies ahead? This past week has seen a notable...

    26 Feb 2018 | Sarah Logan

  • Blog post

    Mobile money: Progress thus far, miles to go

    2017 marks ten years since the launch of M-PESA in Kenya, undoubtedly the most successful mobile money product to date. Over the last decade, there have been many developments in the sector, and mobile money has emerged as a predominantly African innovation. A recent conference on Mobile Money and Financial Development, organised by the LSE’s Department of Management and...

    30 Oct 2017 | Sarah Logan

  • Publications Reader Item

    Regulating mobile money to support scale-up

    18 Oct 2017

  • Publication - Synthesis paper

    Regulating mobile money to support scale-up

    High transaction costs are one of the most significant barriers to financial access in developing countries. Mobile money has dramatically reduced transaction costs and has extended a more affordable payments system to historically unbanked households, beginning to integrate them into the wider financial system. This brief looks at how mobile money can broaden and deepen...

    12 Oct 2017 | Sarah Logan

  • Blog post

    South Sudan’s crisis is complex, but there’s a way out of war and fragility

    South Sudan has faced significant challenges since civil war broke out in December 2013. The violence was triggered by disagreements between President Salva Kiir and former Vice President Riek Machar. Since then conflict has become widespread and has flared in previously peaceful regions. Atrocities are taking on an increasingly ethnic nature. With the very limited...

    7 Feb 2017 | Sarah Logan, Peter Biar Ajak

  • Blog post

    Study provides fresh insights into the benefits of mobile money in Kenya

    A recently published study on the long-run effects of mobile money on economic outcomes in Kenya provides some valuable insights that will benefit economic development and financial inclusion policies across Africa. The study found that increased access to mobile money has reduced poverty in Kenya, particularly among female-headed households. Rapid expansion of mobile...

    25 Jan 2017 | Sarah Logan

  • Blog post

    You can pay me through my cell phone: Mobile money in Sierra Leone

    This past March, the International Growth Centre (IGC), in partnership with the Bank of Sierra Leone, held the ‘Sub-Regional Workshop on Mobile Money in West Africa’ to explore the challenges and opportunities facing West Africa as they seek to replicate successes from East and Southern Africa. In March 2016, the International Growth Centre (IGC) and the Bank of Sierra...

    4 Jan 2017 | Sarah Logan, Nadia Hasham

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Maximising the impact of FDI on domestic industrial capabilities and job creation

    The prospective benefits from FDI for a host country, in terms of spillovers for technology transfer and quality upgrading, are not automatic or guaranteed. Governments need to play a proactive role to harness these benefits by linking multinational corporations (MNCs) and local suppliers through market enhancing measures to reduce informational asymmetries and...

    20 Dec 2016 | Ritwika Sen, Sarah Logan

  • Blog post

    Africa stands to benefit from new trade deals and, possibly, from Brexit

    Brexit may have significant and positive trade implications for Africa. Renewed emphasis on economic integration through regional trade blocs could support economic growth. The last few months have seen some significant developments for African trade and integration. These advances come at a crucial time for African countries, which have been particularly hard hit by...

    5 Sep 2016 | Sarah Logan

  • Publication - Policy note

    Addressing election violence in Liberia

    1 Aug 2016 | Sarah Logan

  • Blog post

    Using technology to plan for Africa’s urban expansion

    Harnessing the benefits of rapid urbanisation requires a new set of tools and instruments for more responsive and evidenced-based policy design. In a new study, IGC researchers in Kigali are teaming up with Laterite, an innovative development research firm, and trialling the use of a new high-frequency SMS-based survey tool to gather more dynamic real-time data from...

    29 Apr 2016 | Sarah Logan, Mallory Baxter

  • Blog post

    The incidence and impact of Electronic Billing Machines for VAT in Rwanda

    Donor aid represents roughly 40 percent of Rwanda’s national budget. Expanding the tax base has been a crucial strategy in curbing its dependence on foreign aid.  Value-added tax (VAT) is the largest tax-based contribution to government revenues in Rwanda and has been identified as a key priority for raising overall revenue. In August 2013, the Rwandan government passed...

    15 Apr 2016 | Eva Ghirmai, Sarah Logan, Sally Murray

  • Blog post

    Why Zimbabwe's diamond mines need better regulation, not state ownership

    Zimbabwe experiments with state ownership of diamond mines in an effort to resuscitate waning commodity revenues for state finances. Zimbabwe, like many African countries, faces an ongoing struggle to secure fair compensation for its mineral wealth. The question of how to maximise government revenues from the mining sector is a complex matter. But turning the sector...

    16 Mar 2016 | Sarah Logan

  • Blog post

    Local revenue reform with the Kampala Capital City Authority

    Public finance remains a significant threat to economic development. Insufficient revenues limit infrastructure investments as well as the provision of basic services. Reforming the administration and collection of tax will be crucial for developing country governments. Since its establishment in 2011, the KCCA has implemented various reforms to tax policy; reforms are on...

    7 Feb 2016 | Sarah Logan