Stelios Michalopoulos

Stelios Michalopoulos is Assistant Professor of Economics and came to Brown in 2012. He received his PhD in Economics at Brown University in 2009. Prior to his appointment at Brown, he was Assistant Professor of Economics at Tufts University and recently served as the Deutsche Bank Member at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton.

Michalopoulos’ research agenda deals with a growing field in economics, examining the historical origins of comparative development. His recent work has studied why some regions have more languages than others and how that has impacted economic development, and why Islam exists in certain geographic locations. He has lately become interested in uncovering the role of contemporary country-level institutional structures, vis-à-vis local ethnic-specific pre-colonial institutions, in shaping regional development in Africa.

In a forthcoming paper in the American Economic Review, Michalopoulos shows that current ethnolinguistic diversity around the world has been shaped by geographic differences in elevation and land fertility. Geographically heterogeneous territories decreased mobility and thus resulted in more ethnically fractionalized populations.

Content by Stelios Michalopoulos
  • Publication - Project Report

    Forced displacement and human capital: Evidence from separated siblings

    We examine the impact of conflict-driven displacement on human capital looking at the Mozambican civil war (1977 - 1992), during which more than four million civilians fled to the countryside, to cities, and to refugee camps and settlements in neighboring countries. First, we present descriptive patterns linking education and sectoral employment to the various...

    21 Jan 2022 | Giorgio Chiovelli, Stelios Michalopoulos, Elias Papaioannou, Sandra Sequeira

  • Project

    The impact of conflict and refugee re-settlement on state capacity and economic growth: Evidence from Mozambique

    By the end of 2014, the number of people forcibly displaced had risen to a staggering 59.5 million compared to 37.5 million in 2004. Globally, one in every 122 humans is now either a refugee, internally displaced, or seeking asylum. While the policy focus of the international community has been on providing immediate humanitarian assistance, a crucial next step will be to...

    25 Oct 2017 | Sandra Sequeira, Stelios Michalopoulos, Elias Papaioannou, Giorgio Chiovelli

  • Blog post

    National institutions and subnational development in Africa

    Few issues have received more inquiry in the social sciences than ""what are the fundamental determinants of comparative development?"" The institutional view asserts that the ultimate causes of underdevelopment are poorly performing institutional structures, such as lack of constraints on the executive, poor property-rights protection, as well as inefficient legal and...

    7 Jan 2014 | Stelios Michalopoulos, Elias Papaioannou