Susanna Berkouwer

Susanna Berkouwer is Assistant Professor of Business Economics & Public Policy at the Wharton School at Penn. They study microeconomics in the context of environment, energy, and climate in developing countries.

Susanna Berkouwer holds a PhD from UC Berkeley, where they were affiliated with the Energy Institute at the Haas School of Business, an MA International and Development Economics from Yale University, and a BSc Statistics from University College London. They were also an EPoD Research Fellow at Harvard University, and before that worked in international trade finance in London, Johannesburg, and Nairobi.

Content by Susanna Berkouwer
  • Blog post

    Money or power? Choosing COVID-19 aid in Kenya

    Participants in an experiment comparing demand for cash transfers and electricity subsidies in urban Kenya, overwhelmingly prefer cash given the proliferation of mobile money via platforms like M-PESA and preference for short-term liquidity. Conversely, in rural Kenya, slightly more respondents opted for electricity token transfers given that they face saving constraints...

    25 May 2021 | Edward Miguel, Kenneth Lee, Oliver Kim, Eric Hsu, Susanna Berkouwer

  • Project

    Resilience to economic shocks through continued electricity access

    As COVID-19 spreads across the developing world, access to electricity will be critical in allowing households and firms to continue productive activities. At the same time, government restrictions that are needed to slow down the infection rate will cause severe economic impacts, which will be highest in the world’s poorest communities. In Kenya, where millions of poor...

    1 May 2020 | Catherine Wolfram, Edward Miguel, Kenneth Lee, Susanna Berkouwer

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    How do credit and psychology affect the adoption of profitable energy efficient technologies in Kenya?

    Energy efficient technologies are often cited for their potential to meet sustainable development goals by slowing greenhouse gas emissions and generating financial savings for households living in poverty, but adoption of energy efficient technologies remains low. This study conducts a randomised experiment with 1,000 low-income households in Nairobi. The authors...

    8 Jan 2020 | Susanna Berkouwer, Joshua Dean

  • Publication - Working Paper

    Credit and attention in the adoption of profitable energy efficient technologies in Kenya

    12 Nov 2019 | Susanna Berkouwer, Joshua Dean

  • Project

    Behavioural barriers to energy efficiency in development contexts: evidence from charcoal cookstoves

    This project aims to quantify how behavioural biases and market frictions affect poor households’ adoption and usage of energy efficient durables. This will be the first paper to rigorously quantify the energy efficiency gap, causally identify the mechanisms driving this gap and estimate its welfare effects, and it will do so in a high-stakes development setting. In...

    12 Nov 2019 | Meredith Fowlie, Susanna Berkouwer, Joshua Dean