Usman Naeem

Usman was a Country Economist for the International Growth Centre Pakistan for six years. He is currently a Ph.D. Candidate in the Economics & Public Policy joint programme between the Economics Department & The Fletcher School at Tufts University. His research focuses on energy markets, air pollution, & disruptive climate change.

Usman has an M.S. in Economics from the Lahore University of Management Sciences & a B.A. in Economics from the National University of Singapore.

Blogs: 

Content by Usman Naeem
  • Project

    Reducing Pakistan's circular debt: Facilitating growth through energy sector reforms

    Pakistan's power sector is in crisis. Although subsidies protect consumers from the real costs, the government is burdened with serious debt. The stock of debt in the power sector has reached a staggering ~1.72 trillion rupees (£8.56bn), nearly 4% of GDP. In comparison, Pakistan spends just over 2.4% of GDP on education; more is spent on subsidising electricity prices each...

    8 Jun 2021 | Robin Burgess, Usman Naeem, Tim Dobermann, Faraz Hayat, Michael Greenstone

  • Project

    Reinventing Pakistan's welfare state: Replacing energy subsidies with targeted transfers

    A welfare state faces two fundamental challenges: targeting people who need support the most and delivering the benefits in a cost-effective manner. In some developing countries, weak data leads to poor targeting, while weak institutions lead to poor delivery mechanisms. This means that these limited benefits are often availed by the less deserving, leaving less behind for...

    4 Jun 2021 | Robin Burgess, Tim Dobermann, Michael Greenstone, Faraz Hayat, Usman Naeem

  • Project

    Leveraging energy data for better residential energy subsidy targeting

    A welfare state faces two fundamental challenges: targeting those who need support most and delivering benefits in an effective manner. In developing countries, weak data leads to poor targeting, while weak institutions lead to poor delivery. The benefits intended for the poor therefore only reach a fraction of the planned amounts. Targeting is challenging because of the...

    25 Nov 2020 | Michael Greenstone, Usman Naeem, Tim Dobermann, Robin Burgess, Faraz Hayat

  • Project

    Emissions rating programme: Environmental impacts and firm behaviour

    Several countries have used emissions rating programmes to incentivise industrial plants to comply with emissions standards and maintain low levels of pollution. Such programmes function by using regularly monitored emissions data from major industrial plants to rate firms from the least compliant to the most compliant. Besides making environmental performance more...

    3 Feb 2020 | Michael Greenstone, Sanval Nasim, Usman Naeem, Ali Habib

  • Project

    Emissions rating programme: environmental impacts and firm behaviour in Pakistan

    Several countries have used emissions rating programmes to incentivise industrial plants to comply with emissions standards and maintain low levels of pollution. Such programmes function by using regularly monitored emissions data from major industrial plants to rate firms from the least compliant to the most compliant. Besides making environmental performance more...

    1 Feb 2020 | Michael Greenstone, Ali Habib, Usman Naeem, Sanval Nasim

  • Project

    Supporting Pakistan’s power sector reforms

    Pakistan's power sector is in deep need of reform. It suffers from chronic shortages, not due to a lack of supply, but because of the financial woes of the public distribution companies operating throughout Pakistan. Only 71% of the electricity sold for use across the country is recovered through bills. The total ‘circular debt’ of the electricity sector amounts to...

    10 Oct 2019 | Robin Burgess, Michael Greenstone, Tim Dobermann, Faraz Hayat, Usman Naeem

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Discretion in a bureaucracy: Evidence from Pakistan

    3 Jul 2019 | Shan Aman Rana, Usman Naeem, Zara Salman

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Women’s mobility and labour force participation: Early evidence from Karachi

    30 Apr 2019 | Asad Sayeed, Natasha Ansari, Usman Naeem

  • Project

    Rapid response to Pakistan’s Task Force on Energy Reforms

    Pakistan’s power sector is in deep need of reform. The sector suffers from chronic shortages not because of a lack of supply but due to the financial woes of the distribution companies operating throughout Pakistan. Of the electricity sold for use across the country, only 71% is recovered through bills. Such large losses risk collapsing the sector if left...

    17 Apr 2019 | Robin Burgess, Tim Dobermann, Michael Greenstone, Faraz Hayat, Usman Naeem

  • Publication - Project Report

    Engagement with Punjab under CPEC: A proposed framework for industry

    25 Jun 2018 | Hasaan Khawar, Nazish Afraz, Ijaz Nabi, Usman Naeem

  • Publication - Project Report

    Spatial analysis of small and cottage industries in Punjab, Pakistan

    25 Sep 2017 | Syed Hasan, Ijaz Nabi, Naved Hamid, Usman Naeem

  • Project

    Engagement with Punjab under CPEC: A proposed framework for industry

    The primary objective of this project is to support the Government of Punjab in devising a strategy to maximise the positive impact of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) on the industrial sector in Punjab. Since, the demand for it has come directly from the Secretary of the Punjab Industries, Commerce & Investment Department, it will ensure the necessary ownership...

    24 May 2017 | Hasaan Khawar, Nazish Afraz, Ijaz Nabi, Usman Naeem

  • Project

    Development of an electronic database of industrial and commercial activity and a spatial analysis of small and cottage industries in Punjab, Pakistan

    Analysis of the spatial distribution of economic activity has significant importance for policy analysis in a country. In the case of the state of Punjab in Pakistan, the relevant statistics are only available in the manufacturing sector and these do not provide any sector specific details for the districts. Recognising the gap in access to such vital statistics, this...

    16 Dec 2015 | Naved Hamid, Syed Hasan, Ijaz Nabi, Usman Naeem