William P. Mako

William P. Mako has over two decades’ international experience in financial and private sector development – mainly in the Middle East, East Asia, and Eastern Europe. Mr. Mako retired from the World Bank in 2014 after having developed the Bank’s fee based advisory services in the Middle East, worked in the Beijing office for four years, and advised or negotiated lending conditions during financial crises in South Korea, Thailand, Indonesia, Argentina, Turkey, and Serbia. Previously, while a consultant with Price Waterhouse, Mr. Mako advised USAID on technical assistance programs and led privatization and capital market development teams throughout Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. Mr. Mako’s post-conflict experience includes Rwanda, Kosovo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Myanmar, and Yemen. Earlier, he published while on the Defense Policy staff at the Brookings Institution. Since 2015, Mr. Mako has consulted with the IMF, Asian Development Bank, and World Bank, and taught graduate courses in South Korea and at SciencesPo. He has a MPPM from Yale University’s School of Management and a BSFS from Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service, and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Content by William P. Mako
  • Blog post

    How Pakistan can finance its greenhouse gas emissions reduction

    Meeting targets for emissions reduction requires innovative strategy, especially in coal-dependent, emissions-heavy countries. This strategy also requires a comprehensive plan to finance the energy transition. The Government of Pakistan can leverage concessional climate finance from abroad through nature-based debt swaps, carbon-trading provisions, and more comprehensive...

    12 Sep 2022 | Ijaz Nabi, William P. Mako, Amna Mahmood

  • Publication - Working Paper

    Recent developments in climate finance: Implications for Pakistan

    The Government of Pakistan (GoP) has ambitious plans for reducing 2030 greenhouse gas emissions to 50% of baseline projected levels. These plans anticipate USD 151 billion of investment just for energy sector mitigation projects by 2040. In the GoP’s view, any 50% reduction below baseline projected emissions should be financed 15% from domestic sources and 35% from...

    1 Sep 2022 | Ijaz Nabi, Amna Mahmood, William P. Mako, Shehryar Khan