Publication - Policy Brief
Publication - Project Report
Electricity is a critical input for most production processes. However, in many developing countries, consumers are either not connected to an electricity grid or when they are, the supply of electricity is fraught with outages. In Ghana, electricity provision has consistently been plagued by outages, with prolonged electricity rationing periods in recent years. The country is currently undergoing an electricity rationing program that started in 2012. Given the reliance of production processes on electricity, such electricity shortages could potentially result in productivity losses for firms. In this project, we sought to analyse the extent and sources of productivity losses from electricity shortages for small and medium-sized enterprises.
The specific research questions being addressed are:
The study collected data from two main sources. The first was administrative data on the intensity of load shedding by location collected from the Electricity Corporation of Ghana. These data are expected to include information on weekly supply schedules, hours of available electricity, and frequency and length of interruptions over the last three years by calendar month. The second source of data was primary data on businesses collected through a business survey. The survey collected firm level information covering the period 2011 to 2015 on output and inputs (including alternative sources of energy used), production processes, plant and machinery, land and buildings, number of workers (by gender, position, and type of contract), cost data including wage bills, material costs, other costs, public/private ownership, domestic/foreign ownership, form of enterprise, firm-specific input, and output price indices.