Publication - Project Report
Urbanization reflects the transition from an agriculture-dependent economy to an industrialized modern economy with concomitant development in infrastructure and access to basic facilities. While urbanization is clearly an outcome of the growth process and industrialization, it also drives the growth process through exchanges of goods, services, labor, capital, information-technology and social transactions. In the absence of a strong non-agricultural sector, despite a large population, the urbanization rate in Bihar is just 11.3 % as of 2011, vis-à-vis 31.2% for all-India.
In the above context, with reference to the main research questions as outlined in the proposal for the present study, the overall methodological framework of research is outlined below:
A mix of primary and secondary data will be used. With secondary data (such as Census and National Sample Survey), trends and patterns of the urban development and typologies of urban areas in Bihar will be analysed. Data from the Economic Census, municipalities, trade associations etc. will also be used. Rural-urban linkage will be explored with the help of IHD panel data on rural areas.
The primary data collection will be done with the help of two major types of sample surveys conducted in sample towns of Bihar.
The selection of towns will be made on the basis of their size, main economy, level of economic development, proximity to rural centres and large urban centres. For the enterprise survey, lists of all the factories and shops/establishments will be collected from the concerned departments of the state government. The stratification of the factories and shops/establishments will be done on the basis of broad groups of factories, shops/establishments. Among each group proportionate sample will be drawn. For the household survey, samples will be drawn from the list of slums provided by the municipal bodies of the towns. Household selection will be on the basis of systematic random sampling.