Publication - Project Report
Extreme weather poses numerous risks to India’s economy and society, and future climate change is expected to amplify these risks. However, at present there exist no comprehensive assessments of how either current weather shocks or future climate change might affect India’s economic sectors. Furthermore, location-specific information on climate vulnerabilities within India is completely lacking, leaving both government and private actors ill-equipped to make informed decisions.
In this project, we develop India-wide, spatially-disaggregated estimates of temperature sensitivities for a range of socio-economically relevant outcomes (i.e. human mortality, labour supply, agricultural yields, crime rates, and conflict incidence). Our approach uses outcomes data (on mortality rates, work hours, agricultural yields, conflict incidence, and crime rates) from around the world to flexibly estimate how sensitive a location is to temperature based on its adaptive capacities, determined using measures of physical and socioeconomic characteristics such as long-run climate, income per capita, prevalence of irrigation, and how urban the location is. We generate high-resolution datasets of these measures and thereby extrapolate locally-relevant temperature sensitivities throughout India.
Results from a sister project focused on Africa are available here.