Publication - Working Paper
Recent research has drawn attention to the massive demand for higher education that will be seen in the next decade in India. This underscores the need for capacity building, the need for private participation, the need for improving quality and forging a closer link between academia and industry, and the need for investing in research etc. However, the regulatory constraints to entering and operating in this sector have not been studied in detail so far.
Higher educational institutions in India include universities, colleges and other institutions. The universities award their own degrees and colleges award degrees through the universities with which they are affiliated. Universities may affiliate other colleges or operate unitarily. In case of unitary universities, a school or a department will offer a certain course whereas for affiliating universities, it is the college that offers the courses. The courses run at the college or university level are regulated by professional councils such as All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), Medical Council of India (MCI) et al. The instruction delivered at the classroom level is impacted by rules and regulations at the university, college, and course level.
These – the university, college and course – therefore form the key links in the higher education sector overall. There are significant entry, operation and exit barriers at each level and studying the regulatory environment at each level will provide the complete picture.
This project will study and document these barriers in a carefully chosen sample. Privately-managed higher education institutions have been chosen for the study. This will include a study of the three available routes of opening a private higher education institute in India and its associated regulations- deemed universities, private universities, and colleges affiliated with universities.
The proposed scope and methodology to be used are as follows :