Valuation models for property tax in Kampala, Uganda

Property taxation is one of the most significant sources of revenue collected by the Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) to fund vital public goods and services in Uganda’s capital. With rapid urban growth and increasing demands on public investment, the city is keen to undertake reforms that can help to improve revenue generation from this source.

As part of ongoing reforms, the KCCA is in the process of procuring an automated property tax system in order to improve ease and reduce costs associated with the entire tax collection process. This system will include the capacity to undertake a mass valuation. In anticipation of this, the KCCA Directorate of Revenue Collection would like to assess different options for mass property valuation, to decide which would be most appropriate for Kampala.

This collaborative project between the KCCA and IGC, and supported by the African Property Tax Initiative, will use property data already collected by the city to test and evaluate three different methods of property valuation with different degrees of complexity and data requirements. The project will involve developing these different models to input into the KCCA’s current eCitie system. It will assess these different methods in terms of:

  • The costs and complexity of arriving at values.
  • The quality and consistency of valuation: how consistently and how accurately can the different methodologies predict values from property rolls?

These will be compared with results obtained from the current system of valuation based on individual expert assessment.

The project’s results will help to inform the system of mass valuation adopted in Kampala and identify which features play an important role in determining property values. The results will also help inform governments in cities such as Dakar and Freetown undertaking similar reforms to properties valuation methodologies. Through this process, the project also aims to inform improvements in property data collection in future for further research and analysis.


  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Enhancing property tax in Kampala: Successes, challenges, and next steps for increasing municipal revenue

    Property tax is a significant source of municipal revenues in Kampala, making up over 35% of own source revenues for the Kampala Capital City Authority. However, there is significant room for improvement. While legal exemptions and limited means of enforcement require legislative change to enhance revenues, in the short run improvements to valuation and efforts to...

    6 Aug 2020 | Priya Manwaring, Tanner Regan

  • Publication - Policy note

    Property taxes in Kampala: Some background information

    Property rates, as collected by the Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA), are taxes on the rental or business income of property in the city of Kampala, Uganda that can be applied to commercial, institutional, and rented residential properties across the five urban divisions of the city. Property rates make up a substantial proportion of the KCCAs own source...

    5 Mar 2020 | Priya Manwaring, Tanner Regan