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  • Project

    Network measure of bottlenecks in Ugandan firms markets

    In Uganda, several supply-chains are characterised by a structure of a few very large firms and a large fringe of small firms (Spray and Wolf, 2017). These large firms anchor the economy together by providing a focal point for supply-chains to operate around. Without these anchor firms, output would drop substantially. On the other hand, these firms could exploit their...

    11 Jun 2021 | John Spray

  • Project

    The impact of early-stage resource acquisition: a randomised field experiment in Morocco

    In many places, entrepreneurship is a vital process for job creation, economic growth, and the development of novel solutions to pressing social and environmental problems. Most of the research into entrepreneurship has examined the United States and European settings, along with select Asian countries (China and India). We understand very little about entrepreneurship in...

    11 Jun 2021 | Ouafaa Hmaddi

  • Project

    Responsive policymaking in Pakistan: Decision-making around infrastructure in Balochistan

    IGC Pakistan is supporting the Government of Balochistan (GoB) in developing the contours of a spatial strategy to guide the province's budgetary allocations and development priorities while reflecting Balochistan’s needs and strengths. A previous IGC study has helped set the context for a new framework for growth in Balochistan based on a spatial and data-driven approach...

    11 Jun 2021 | Nasir Javed

  • Project

    Gender discrimination in access to capital: Experimental evidence from Ethiopian SGBs

    Access to capital is widely considered a key accelerator for business productivity and growth. Gender discrimination against entrepreneurs, who form the largest sector of the labor force in sub-Saharan Africa, may drive gender gaps in access to capital and subsequently reduce the performance of female-owned businesses. This raises concerns about both gender equity and...

    8 Jun 2021 | Shanthi Manian, Ketki Sheth

  • Project

    Rebuilding the social compact: Urban service delivery and property taxes in Pakistan

    Developing countries face a critical challenge as they urbanise: how can local governments tasked with delivering public goods and services meet the needs of rapidly growing urban populations? We ask whether strengthening the link between urban service provision and tax collection can create a virtuous cycle of sustainable development. We introduce a series of...

    8 Jun 2021 | Mahvish Shaukat, Adnan Khan, Benjamin Olken

  • Project

    Reducing Pakistan's circular debt: Facilitating growth through energy sector reforms

    Pakistan's power sector is in crisis. Although subsidies protect consumers from the real costs, the government is burdened with serious debt. The stock of debt in the power sector has reached a staggering ~1.72 trillion rupees (£8.56bn), nearly 4% of GDP. In comparison, Pakistan spends just over 2.4% of GDP on education; more is spent on subsidising electricity prices each...

    8 Jun 2021 | Robin Burgess, Usman Naeem, Tim Dobermann, Faraz Hayat, Michael Greenstone

  • Project

    Reinventing Pakistan's welfare state: Replacing energy subsidies with targeted transfers

    A welfare state faces two fundamental challenges: targeting people who need support the most and delivering the benefits in a cost-effective manner. In some developing countries, weak data leads to poor targeting, while weak institutions lead to poor delivery mechanisms. This means that these limited benefits are often availed by the less deserving, leaving less behind for...

    4 Jun 2021 | Robin Burgess, Tim Dobermann, Michael Greenstone, Faraz Hayat, Usman Naeem

  • Project

    Urban property tax reform in Punjab

    The Punjab Government is considering reforming its property tax valuation system and is analysing the impact of potentially shifting from the ARV-based system of property valuation to a capital value-based valuation system. Specifically, the government requires support in understanding the distributional and revenue consequences of this shift. Amongst the levers of tax...

    4 Jun 2021 | Ali Abbas, Ali Cheema

  • Project

    The impact of infrastructure improvement on urban life quality in Zambia

    This project assesses the socioeconomic impact of improvements in road quality between 2014 and 2018 in Zambia, extending the study period of a previous IGC study titled The impact of infrastructure improvement on urban life quality and firm output, covering the implementation of Link Zambia 8000. Link Zambia 8000 is one of Zambia's largest scale infrastructure...

    4 Jun 2021 | Cong Peng, Yulu Tang, Wen Chen

  • Project

    Tracking the real-time effects of COVID-19 on savings and lending in Rwanda

    A growing and extensive literature has been tracking the economic effects of COVID-19 using real-time data coming mostly from private sector providers, looking mostly at mobility measures, labour market dynamics and consumption patterns (Chen et al. 2020; Chetty et al. 2020). However, this literature mostly focuses on the US and Europe, with much less available about the...

    4 Jun 2021 | JoséeLuis Peydro, Andrea Presbitero, Patrick Hitayezu, Franklin Allen