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  • Project

    Fuel subsidy: Evasion under changes in point of provision

    The increasing burden of subsidies is a leading concern for policymakers across the world. Growing subsidy burden holds significant fiscal implications. Nonetheless, any attempt to reform subsidy policies invites univocal opposition from all the quarters. Particularly in developing countries, debates on fuel subsidies invoke strong passions since a significant proportion...

    6 Dec 2019 | Prabhat Barnwal

  • Project

    Brighter communities, safer cities

    Security provision is a fundamental service of the state. Personal and property security are necessary conditions for attracting local and foreign investment to drive economic growth. In Sierra Leone - where police lack the resources, capacity, and political legitimacy to provide community-level security - state and civil society actors combine to provide community...

    6 Dec 2019 | Daniel Posner, Kevin Grieco

  • Project

    Worker well-being and productivity in the Bangladesh garment sector

    Recent research suggests stress may affect worker productivity and thereby the accumulation of other forms of human capital. The garment sector is the largest employer of female workers in Bangladesh, the majority of whom have migrated from outside the area where the factories are located. These urban and peri-urban areas are characterised by inadequate basic services and...

    6 Dec 2019 | Atonu Rabbani, Christopher Woodruff, Paula Lopez-Pena, Muhammad Mozumder

  • Project

    The role of mobile-based trade credit on business development

    Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are the backbone of most economies. They are flexible in responding to new opportunities and possess potential for rapid growth.  As a result, SMEs are believed to serve as engines for innovation, employment, and social mobility. In developing countries, SMEs represent a particularly large part of the economy. However, data...

    4 Dec 2019 | Tavneet Suri, Antoinette Schoar

  • Project

    The effects of state violence on social networks, collective action and pro-social behaviour during conflict: Evidence from Kachin State, Myanmar

    How do social relations form during and after conflict? More specifically, how do experiences of violence explain attitudes towards: Peace and punishment? The formation of new networks and intra-ethnic cooperation among host communities and displaced people? And displaced people from different villages and communities? Although the study of political violence...

    4 Dec 2019 | Daniel Thomas

  • Project

    Infrastructure development in Myanmar

    Infrastructure is critical for economic growth. It facilitates trade, connects markets, enhances mobility, and boosts productivity. Yet, the current state of infrastructure development in Myanmar remains weak, acting as a key constraint on growth. While there has been significant growth in the country’s paved road network, the vast majority of the network – around 60% -...

    4 Dec 2019 | Robin Burgess

  • Project

    Trade shocks and production networks in Uganda

    The structure of firm networks matters. Given a certain network structure, it influences the amount of value created in an economy and determines an economy’s resilience to shocks. However, the structure is also likely to be endogenous to economic policy decisions. As such, it is difficult to disentangle the causal effect of a given network and the formation of that...

    4 Dec 2019 | Miguel Almunia, Jonas Hjort, Lin Tian, Alan Griffith

  • Project

    Developing Kampala’s citizen charter: Citizen deliberation and bureaucratic responsiveness in service provision

    In the past two or three decades, deliberative processes have found widespread use across both developed (Fung & Wright, 2003) and developing countries (Wong, 2012). Beyond an end in themselves, they represent both a strategy to ensure that the resource allocation process takes a wide array of needs and preferences into account. Despite their ubiquity, there is scant...

    4 Dec 2019 | Macartan Humphreys, Constantin Manuel Bosancianu, Ana Garcia-Hernandez, Innocent Silver

  • Project

    Quality upgrading and contract enforcement in Uganda's coffee sector

    There has long been interest in the process of structural transformation, moving from subsistence agriculture to the production of manufactured goods (Lewis, 1954). Improving the value of agricultural exports is often considered an important first step in this process. More broadly, there has been growing interest in quality upgrading in developing country markets and firms...

    3 Dec 2019 | Ameet Morjaria, Lauren Falcao, Ritwika Sen

  • Project

    Dealing with single-use plastics: Examining the economic effect of a ban in Ghana

    Many cities in sub-Saharan Africa are increasingly experiencing widespread usage of single-use plastic products and the associated littering. This is having a devastating impact on economies, ecosystems, infrastructure and human lives. Single-use plastics are used only once before they are disposed of or recycled. These items include plastic bags, sachets, straws and...

    3 Dec 2019 | Michael Danquah, Ebenezer Amankwaa, Elizabeth-Nancy Amoyaw, Jones Obeng, Hendrick Dwommoh-Mensah