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  • Project

    Big push for the rural economy in Pakistan

    Approximately 42% of the labour force is employed in the agricultural sector in Pakistan. In the southern districts of Punjab, around 80% of the population lives in rural areas, 50-70% of whom are employed in the agriculture, livestock, or related sectors. However, years of low productivity and output growth rate have plagued these sectors, threatening the livelihoods of...

    1 Aug 2020 | Muhammad Farooq Naseer, Asim Khwaja, Joshua Gill, Jacob Shapiro, Ali Cheema

  • Project

    Harnessing the power of electronic fiscal devices

    Low tax compliance is a major challenge in most developing countries, including Zambia. Many governments have adopted a Value Added Tax (VAT) to increase tax revenues and VAT is now responsible for up to a quarter of total revenues in developing countries (Keen, 2016). The key benefit of VAT is that it is self-enforcing along the supply chain. Firms have a financial...

    23 Jul 2020 | Brian Dillon, Twivwe Siwale

  • Project

    Short and long-term impacts of the lockdown on young rural migrants from Bihar and Jharkhand

    India’s national COVID-19 lockdown has had a tremendous effect on the economy. Labour migrants are among the most affected, usually employed in informal, low-paid jobs, many of them are now without work with no social protection, no assistance from previous employers, and no network to fall back to in their 'host’ states. This project will provide unique evidence on...

    23 Jul 2020 | Clément Imbert, Bhaskar Chakravorty

  • Project

    Zambian youth unemployment in industries without smokestacks

    Zambia has high rates of unemployment and is overly dependent on mining for growth and foreign exchange. In 2018, the unemployment rate was 12.6 percent and the youth unemployment rate was 17.4 percent. With a growing population, this issue will only become worse without intervention and growth in labour-absorbing sectors of the economy. This study researches...

    23 Jul 2020 | Rayner Tabetando, Anand Rajaram, Dennis Chiwele

  • Project

    Coping with COVID-19 measures in informal settlements

    One of the most, if not the most, at-risk groups of COVID-19 is thought to be the urban poor, living in overcrowded conditions with very limited access to public (health) infrastructure. One billion people live in such informal settlements, more than half of these in Asia, almost a fifth in India. Their ability to follow governments’ and scientists’ advise on...

    21 Jul 2020 | Britta Augsburg, Alex Armand, Antonella Bancalari

  • Project

    The short-term effects of the COVID-19 lockdown on rural communities and self help group members

    India has imposed one of the strictest lockdowns in the world and it is important to understand whether existing and new welfare schemes are being implemented effectively enough to provide support to households that lose their livelihoods, especially in rural areas. This project uses remote data collection to improve our general understanding of how households are coping...

    17 Jul 2020 | Ashwini Deshpande, Joshua Merfield, Vijayendra Rao, Kritika Saxena, Lore Vandewalle

  • Project

    Are households willing to adopt and pay for recycling their own waste: A study of Patna City

    Indian cities generated 62 million tonnes of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) annually and it is projected that by 2031 they will generate 165 million tons of waste annually (Planning Commission Report, 2014). The task of managing these mammoth quantities of waste rests solely with the Municipalities. Municipalities, however, lack the capability to sustainably manage such large...

    17 Jul 2020 | Uma Sarmistha, Anjor Bhaskar

  • Project

    A pilot study to develop and test ICT tools to improve timeliness of vaccination in Bihar

    Despite a significant increase in vaccine coverage in India, more than 20% of child deaths in 2008 were caused by three vaccine-preventable diseases alone. A major underlying factor behind these deaths is lack of vaccine effectiveness, which in turn depends on the timeliness of vaccination. Factors affecting the delays in timeliness of vaccinations include: Manual...

    17 Jul 2020 | Sisir Debnath, Sarang Deo

  • Project

    Changing lives and livelihoods in the wake of COVID-19 pandemic in rural Bihar

    The COVID-19 pandemic is both a health crisis and an economic crisis. A key response on the health front has been a lockdown and restrictions on activities to contain the spread of the virus. However, a lockdown also means an economic shutdown with a decimation of work, livelihoods and incomes for the vast majority of people. While the well-off have more staying power,...

    17 Jul 2020 | Gaurav Datt, Swati Dutta, Sunil Kumar Mishra

  • Project

    Community health care and COVID-19 pandemic: Experimental evidence

    The limited capacity of the health systems in many low-income countries, especially in rural areas, suggests that the rapid spreading of the COVID-19 virus could have huge consequences in those areas. On top of the direct impact of the virus, a growing concern is that the shift in attention and resources towards the COVID-19 pandemic might crowd-out other essential...

    16 Jul 2020 | Martina Bjorkman-Nyqvist, Jakob Svensson, Andrea Guariso