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  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Sustainable urbanisation in developing countries: Cities as places to innovate, trade, and work

    As the transition to a net zero global economy takes hold, there will be new opportunities for growth across a wide range of urban industries and services. City governments in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia need to proactively plan how they will leverage this to deliver on local productivity and job creation objectives. The climate crisis urgently calls for a new...

    20 Nov 2022 | Victoria Delbridge, Oliver Harman, Juliana Oliveira-Cunha, Tony Venables

  • Publication - Project Report

    Impact of COVID-19 on fresh produce supply chains: Evidence from Pakistan

    25 Oct 2022 | Ijaz Nabi, Sher Afghan Asad, Omar Gondal, Zoha Awais, Massab Qayum

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Impact of COVID-19 on fresh produce supply chains

    Farming remains the predominant occupation and source of income for 48% of the population of Punjab, Pakistan. Recent studies have provided suggestive evidence on the exploitation of farmers by middlemen through low offer prices and informal loans. Very little research has been done to investigate this influential position occupied by the different tiers of...

    25 Oct 2022 | Ijaz Nabi, Sher Afghan Asad, Omar Gondal, Shirin Naz, Irfan Dogar

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Sustainable urbanisation in developing countries: Cities as places to live

    Climate change has presented cities with new challenges and opportunities for improving their liveability. If well-managed, cities offer both adaptation and mitigation benefits, as well as sustainable development opportunities, that other forms of living cannot. Climate change can no longer be ignored. Estimates suggest that inaction could cost the global economy between...

    21 Oct 2022 | Victoria Delbridge, Oliver Harman, Juliana Oliveira-Cunha, Tony Venables

  • Publication - Working Paper

    Searching for customers, finding pollution

    In developing countries, most manufacturing firms are small and located in high-density urban areas, often near congested streets. To study the determinants and implications of this location choice, we collect a novel firm survey and detailed air pollution measurements within Ugandan cities. We find that firms locate on the busiest roads searching for customer visibility,...

    12 Oct 2022 | Vittorio Bassi, Matthew Kahn, Nancy Lozano Gracia, Tommaso Porzio, Jeanne Sorin

  • Publication - Project Report

    Rebuilding the social compact: Urban service delivery and property taxes in Pakistan

    This impact evaluation investigates whether strengthening the link between local taxation and urban services can revitalise the social compact between citizen and state. A significant challenge to the provision of local public services in developing economies is the inability to raise adequate resources, especially through local taxation. In many countries, the social...

    12 Oct 2022 | Adnan Khan, Asim Khwaja, Benjamin Olken, Mahvish Shaukat

  • Publication - Project Report

    Government demand and domestic firm growth: Evidence from Uganda

    Using detailed administrative data, this paper analyses the relationship between participation in public procurement (selling to government entities) and firm performance in Uganda. We find positive associations with total sales, gross profits, total compensation of employees, number of workers and sales per employee. Overall sales growth associated with selling to...

    12 Oct 2022 | Bernard Hoekman, Marco Sanfilippo, Filippo Santi, Rohit Ticku

  • Publication - Project Report

    Constraints to female entrepreneurship in Pakistan

    3 Oct 2022 | Giovanna D'Adda, Mahreen Mahmud, Farah Said, Diego Ubfal

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Constraints to female-run microenterprises in Pakistan: The role of goals and aspirations

    The national rate of active labour participation in Pakistan is low, at a little less than 44%, with a disproportionate gender gap. The rate of female participation equals only one-third of the male participation rate at 22%. This study tests if low-cost, light-touch training to boost aspirations and setting goals for the future can help in promoting microenterprise...

    3 Oct 2022 | Giovanna D'Adda, Mahreen Mahmud, Farah Said, Diego Ubfal

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Government demand and domestic firm growth: Evidence from Uganda

    Government procurement is an important mechanism for private sector development in Uganda. The 2014 Buy Uganda Build Uganda policy aims to expand domestic consumption of locally produced goods and services, setting a target of awarding at least 20% of the value of public procurement contracts to Ugandan firms. We study the impact of participation in public...

    28 Sep 2022 | Bernard Hoekman, Marco Sanfilippo, Filippo Santi, Rohit Ticku