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  • Publication - Working Paper

    Recent developments in climate finance: Implications for Pakistan

    The Government of Pakistan (GoP) has ambitious plans for reducing 2030 greenhouse gas emissions to 50% of baseline projected levels. These plans anticipate USD 151 billion of investment just for energy sector mitigation projects by 2040. In the GoP’s view, any 50% reduction below baseline projected emissions should be financed 15% from domestic sources and 35% from...

    1 Sep 2022 | Ijaz Nabi, Amna Mahmood, William P. Mako, Shehryar Khan

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Inflation in Ethiopia: Supply-side drivers

    This brief explores several dimensions of supply-side drivers of food inflation in Ethiopia. Given the persistence of food inflation in macroeconomic analysis, managing inflationary expectations through effective communication of the country’s macroeconomic policy stance and its adjustments is critical. On the supply side, marketable surplus of grain has not kept...

    31 Aug 2022 | Seneshaw Tamru, Tewodros Makonnen Gebrewolde, Kathie Krumm, Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse, Christopher Adam

  • Publication - Project Report

    The path to a successful Pakistan

    Despite lackluster economic growth, Pakistan has succeeded in sharply reducing endemic poverty. However, a large share of low income households, engaged in low productivity occupations, lies just above the poverty line. Such households are vulnerable to economic shocks (such as the one associated with COVID-19, sharp energy price increase, food price inflation, health...

    12 Aug 2022 | Kulsum Ahmed, Ijaz Nabi, Amna Mahmood, Farah Said, Sanval Nasim

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Strengthening low-income household support programmes

    This policy brief investigates how integrating actions to improve air and water quality and create income earning opportunities for women can improve low-income support programmes.

    12 Aug 2022 | Kulsum Ahmed, Ijaz Nabi, Sanval Nasim, Amna Mahmood, Farah Said

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Increasing productivity in Pakistan through a gender and vulnerability lens

    This policy brief examines recommendations to encourage female participation in the labour force in Pakistan.

    12 Aug 2022 | Kulsum Ahmed, Farah Said

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Prioritising climate action through a health and vulnerability lens

    This brief describes a six-point policy agenda to tackle air pollution, focusing on actions that could involve a broader effort to tackle climate change.

    12 Aug 2022 | Kulsum Ahmed, Sanval Nasim

  • Publication - Working Paper

    How to deal with exchange rate risk in infrastructure and other long-lived projects

    Currency risk remains a significant deterrent to foreign investment flows to developing and emerging economies, particularly for long-duration infrastructure investments. Given the nature of such long-term investments, that take place in non-tradable sectors for which natural hedge is unlikely, hedging instruments are frequently costly, if at all available. Thus, either the...

    11 Aug 2022 | Claudio Frischtak, Luciano de Castro, Arthur M. Rodrigues

  • Publication - Project Report

    Synthesis on the impact of ICT sector on growth and employment in Ethiopia

    28 Jul 2022 | Getachew Abegaz, Seneshaw Tamru

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    ICT investments on productivity: The example of mobile towers in Ethiopia

    After experiencing sustained and high economic growth, Ethiopia entered a reform period to realign economic incentives and encourage private sector-driven growth. Investments in the information, communication, and technology (ICT) sector have emerged as one potential engine of future growth and productivity. This includes the construction of mobile towers and giving...

    27 Jul 2022 | Niclas Moneke

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Recovery from the COVID-19 shock and the informal labour market in urban Uganda

    We conducted a phone survey of a representative sample of manufacturing firms and their workers in Uganda in Spring 2022, two years after the onset of the pandemic. We find that the second lockdown implemented in Uganda in June- July 2021 resulted in a sharp increase in business closures, but these were largely temporary. However, a sizeable share of firm owners...

    25 Jul 2022 | Vittorio Bassi, Jung Hyuk Lee, Alessandra Peter, Tommaso Porzio, Ritwika Sen, Esau Tugume